1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
CATHODE
ANODE
ANODE
NC
REF
ANODE
ANODE
NC
TL431, TL431A, TL431B . . . D (SOIC) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
CATHODE
NC
NC
NC
REF
NC
ANODE
NC
TL431, TL431A, TL431B . . . P (PDIP), PS (SOP),
OR PW (TSSOP) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
NC No internal connection
TL431, TL431A, TL431B . . . DBV (SOT-23-5) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1
2
3
5
4
NC
CATHODE
ANODE
REF
TL431, TL431A, TL431B . . . PK (SOT-89) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
REF
ANODE
CATHODE
Pin 2 is attached to Substrate and must be
connected to ANODE or left open.
NC No internal connection
TL432, TL432A, TL432B . . . DBV (SOT-23-5) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1
2
3
5
4
NC
ANODE
NC
REF
CATHODE
NC No internal connection
TL431, TL431A, TL431B . . . DBZ (SOT-23-3) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
TL432, TL432A, TL432B . . . DBZ (SOT-23-3) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
NC No internal connection
1
2
3
REF
CATHODE
ANODE
1
2
3
CATHODE
REF
ANODE
ANODE
TL432, TL432A, TL432B . . . PK (SOT-89) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
REF
ANODE
CATHODE
ANODE
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
PRECISION PROGRAMMABLE REFERENCE
Check for Samples: TL431,TL431A,TL431B,TL432,TL432A,TL432B
1FEATURES
Operation From 40°C to 125°C Typical Temperature Drift (TL431B)
Reference Voltage Tolerance at 25°C 6 mV (C Temp)
0.5% . . . B Grade 14 mV (I Temp, Q Temp)
1%. . . A Grade Low Output Noise
2% . . . Standard Grade 0.2-ΩTypical Output Impedance
Sink-Current Capability . . . 1 mA to 100 mA
Adjustable Output Voltage . . . Vref to 36 V
1Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of
Texas Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Products conform to specifications per the terms of the Texas
Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not
necessarily include testing of all parameters.
CATHODE
ANODE
REF
TL431 . . . KTP (PowerFLEX /TO-252) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
ANODE
TL431A, TL431B . . . DCK (SC-70) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
1
2
3
6
5
4
CATHODE
NC
REF
ANODE
NC
NC
NC No internal connection
TL431, TL431A, TL431B . . . LP (TO-92/TO-226) PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
CATHODE
ANODE
REF
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
DESCRIPTION/ORDERING INFORMATION
The TL431 and TL432 are three-terminal adjustable shunt regulators, with specified thermal stability over
applicable automotive, commercial, and military temperature ranges. The output voltage can be set to any value
between Vref (approximately 2.5 V) and 36 V, with two external resistors (see Figure 17). These devices have a
typical output impedance of 0.2 Ω. Active output circuitry provides a very sharp turn-on characteristic, making
these devices excellent replacements for Zener diodes in many applications, such as onboard regulation,
adjustable power supplies, and switching power supplies. The TL432 has exactly the same functionality and
electrical specifications as the TL431, but has different pinouts for the DBV, DBZ, and PK packages.
Both the TL431 and TL432 devices are offered in three grades, with initial tolerances (at 25°C) of 0.5%, 1%, and
2%, for the B, A, and standard grade, respectively. In addition, low output drift vs temperature ensures good
stability over the entire temperature range.
The TL43xxC devices are characterized for operation from 0°C to 70°C, the TL43xxI devices are characterized
for operation from –40°C to 85°C, and the TL43xxQ devices are characterized for operation from –40°C to
125°C.
2Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
Vref TOLERANCE (25°C) = 2%
TL431, TL432 ORDERING INFORMATION(1)
TOP-SIDE
TAPACKAGE(2) ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MARKING(3)
PDIP (P) Tube of 50 TL431CP TL431CP
Tube of 75 TL431CD
SOIC (D) TL431C
Reel of 2500 TL431CDR
SOP (PS) Reel of 2000 TL431CPSR T431
Reel of 3000 TL431CDBVR T3C_
Reel of 250 TL431CDBVT
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL432CDBVR T4C_
Reel of 250 TL432CDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL431CDBZR T3C_
0°C to 70°C Reel of 250 TL431CDBZT
SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL432CDBZR T4C_
Reel of 250 TL432CDBZT
TL431CPK 43
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL432CPK 2A
Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431CLP
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431CLPM TL431C
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431CLPR
Tube of 150 TL431CPW
TSSOP (PW) T431
Reel of 2000 TL431CPWR
PDIP (P) Tube of 50 TL431IP TL431IP
Tube of 75 TL431ID
SOIC (D) TL431I
Reel of 2500 TL431IDR
Reel of 3000 TL431IDBVR T3I_
Reel of 250 TL431IDBVT
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL432IDBVR T4I_
Reel of 250 TL432IDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL431IDBZR
-40°C to 85°C T3I_
Reel of 250 TL431IDBZT
SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL432IDBZR T4I_
Reel of 250 TL432IDBZT
TL431IPK 3I
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL432IPK 2B
Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431ILP
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431ILPM TL431I
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431ILPR
(1) For the most current package and ordering information, see the Package Option Addendum at the end of this document, or see the TI
web site at www.ti.com.
(2) Package drawings, thermal data, and symbolization are available at www.ti.com/packaging.
(3) DBV/DBZ/DCK: The actual top-side marking has one additional character that designates the wafer fab/assembly site.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 3
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
Vref TOLERANCE (25°C) = 2%
TL431, TL432 ORDERING INFORMATION(1) (continued)
TOP-SIDE
TAPACKAGE(2) ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MARKING(3)
Reel of 3000 TL431QDBVR T3Q_
Reel of 250 TL431QDBVT
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL432QDBVR T4Q_
Reel of 250 TL432QDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL431QDBZR T3Q_
Reel of 250 TL431QDBZT
-40°C to 125°C SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL432QDBZR T4Q_
Reel of 250 TL432QDBZT
TL431QPK 3Q
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL432QPK 2C
Reel of 1000 TL431QDCKR
SC-70 (DCK) T6_
Reel of 250 TL431QDCKT
4Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
Vref TOLERANCE (25°C) = 1%
TL431A, TL432A ORDERING INFORMATION(1)
TOP-SIDE
TAPACKAGE(2) ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MARKING(3)
PDIP (P) Tube of 50 TL431ACP TL431ACP
SC-70 (DCK) Reel of 3000 TL431ACDCKR T4_
Reel of 250 TL431ACDCKT
SOIC (D) Tube of 75 TL431ACD 431AC
Reel of 2500 TL431ACDR
SOP (PS) Reel of 2000 TL431ACPSR T431A
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431ACDBVR TAC_
Reel of 250 TL431ACDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL432ACDBVR T4B_
Reel of 250 TL432ACDBVT
SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL431ACDBZR TAC_
0°C to 70°C Reel of 250 TL431ACDBZT
Reel of 3000 TL432ACDBZR T4B_
Reel of 250 TL432ACDBZT
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431ACPK 4A
TL432ACPK 2D
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431ACLP TL431AC
Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431ACLPM
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431ACLPR
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431ACLPRE3
TSSOP (PW) Tube of 150 TL431ACPW T431A
Reel of 2000 TL431ACPWR
PDIP (P) Tube of 50 TL431AIP TL431AIP
SC-70 (DCK) Reel of 3000 TL431AIDCKR T5_
Reel of 250 TL431AIDCKT
SOIC (D) Tube of 75 TL431AID 431AI
Reel of 2500 TL431AIDR
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431AIDBVR TAI_
Reel of 250 TL431AIDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL432AIDBVR T4A_
Reel of 250 TL432AIDBVT
-40°C to 85°C SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL431AIDBZR TAI_
Reel of 250 TL431AIDBZT
Reel of 3000 TL432AIDBZR T4A_
Reel of 250 TL432AIDBZT
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431AIPK 4B
TL432AIPK 2E
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431AILP TL431AI
Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431AILPM
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431AILPR
(1) For the most current package and ordering information, see the Package Option Addendum at the end of this document, or see the TI
web site at www.ti.com.
(2) Package drawings, thermal data, and symbolization are available at www.ti.com/packaging.
(3) DBV/DBZ/DCK: The actual top-side marking has one additional character that designates the wafer fab/assembly site.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 5
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
Vref TOLERANCE (25°C) = 1%
TL431A, TL432A ORDERING INFORMATION(1) (continued)
TOP-SIDE
TAPACKAGE(2) ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MARKING(3)
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431AQDBVR TAQ_
Reel of 250 TL431AQDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL432AQDBVR T4D_
Reel of 250 TL432AQDBVT
SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL431AQDBZR TAQ_
Reel of 250 TL431AQDBZT
-40°C to 125°C Reel of 3000 TL432AQDBZR T4D_
Reel of 250 TL432AQDBZT
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431AQPK 4D
TL432AQPK 2F
SC-70 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431AQDCKR T7_
Reel of 250 TL431AQDCKT
6Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
Vref TOLERANCE (25°C) = 0.5%
TL431B, TL432B ORDERING INFORMATION(1)
TOP-SIDE
TAPACKAGE(2) ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MARKING(3)
PDIP (P) Tube of 50 TL431BCP TL431BCP
SC-70 (DCK) Reel of 3000 TL431BCDCKR T2_
Reel of 250 TL431BCDCKT
SOIC (D) Tube of 75 TL431BCD T431B
Reel of 2500 TL431BCDR
SOP (PS) Reel of 2000 TL431BCPSR TL431B
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431BCDBVR T3G_
Reel of 250 TL431BCDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL432BCDBVR TBC_
Reel of 250 TL432BCDBVT
0°C to 70°C SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL431BCDBZR T3G_
Reel of 250 TL431BCDBZT
Reel of 3000 TL432BCDBZR TBC_
Reel of 250 TL432BCDBZT
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431BCPK 4C
TL432BCPK 2G
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431BCLP TL431B
Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431BCLPM
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431BCLPR
TSSOP (PW) Tube of 150 TL431BCPW T431B
Reel of 2000 TL431BCPWR
PDIP (P) Tube of 50 TL431BIP TL431BIP
SC-70 (DCK) Reel of 3000 TL431BIDCKR T3_
Reel of 250 TL431BIDCKT
SOIC (D) Tube of 75 TL431BID Z431B
Reel of 2500 TL431BIDR
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431BIDBVR T3F_
Reel of 250 TL431BIDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL432BIDBVR T4F_
Reel of 250 TL432BIDBVT
-40°C to 85°C SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL431BIDBZR T3F_
Reel of 250 TL431BIDBZT
Reel of 3000 TL432BIDBZR T4F_
Reel of 250 TL432BIDBZT
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431BIPK 4I
TL432BIPK 2H
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431BILP Z431B
Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431BILPM
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431BILPR
(1) For the most current package and ordering information, see the Package Option Addendum at the end of this document, or see the TI
web site at www.ti.com.
(2) Package drawings, thermal data, and symbolization are available at www.ti.com/packaging.
(3) DBV/DBZ/DCK: The actual top-side marking has one additional character that designates the wafer fab/assembly site.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 7
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
Vref TOLERANCE (25°C) = 0.5%
TL431B, TL432B ORDERING INFORMATION(1) (continued)
TOP-SIDE
TAPACKAGE(2) ORDERABLE PART NUMBER MARKING(3)
SOIC (D) Tube of 75 TL431BQD T431BQ
Reel of 2500 TL431BQDR
SOT-23-5 (DBV) Reel of 3000 TL431BQDBVR T3H_
Reel of 250 TL431BQDBVT
Reel of 3000 TL432BQDBVR T4H_
Reel of 250 TL432BQDBVT
SOT-23-3 (DBZ) Reel of 3000 TL431BQDBZR T3H_
Reel of 250 TL431BQDBZT
-40°C to 125°C Reel of 3000 TL432BQDBZR T4H_
Reel of 250 TL432BQDBZT
SOT-89 (PK) Reel of 1000 TL431BQPK 3H
TL432BQPK 2J
TO-226/TO-92 (LP) Bulk of 1000, straight lead TL431BQLP T431BQ
Ammo of 2000, formed lead TL431BQLPM
Reel of 2000, formed lead TL431BQLPR
SC-70 (DCK) Reel of 1000 TL431BQDCKR T8_
Reel of 250 TL431BQDCKT
8Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
ANODE
REF
CATHODE
2.4 kΩ 7.2 kΩ
3.28 kΩ
20 pF
4 kΩ
1 kΩ
800
800 800
20 pF
150
10 kΩ
CATHODE
REF
ANODE
+
_
Vref
REF
CATHODEANODE
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
Figure 1. SYMBOL
Figure 2. FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM
Figure 3. EQUIVALENT SCHEMATIC
NOTE: All component values are nominal.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 9
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS(1)
over operating free-air temperature range (unless otherwise noted) MIN MAX UNIT
VKA Cathode voltage(2) 37 V
IKA Continuous cathode current range –100 150 mA
II(ref) Reference input current range –0.05 10 mA
TJOperating virtual junction temperature 150 °C
Tstg Storage temperature range –65 150 °C
(1) Stresses beyond those listed under "absolute maximum ratings" may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under "recommended operating
conditions" is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability.
(2) All voltage values are with respect to ANODE, unless otherwise noted.
PACKAGE THERMAL DATA(1)
PACKAGE BOARD θJC θJA
PDIP (P) High K, JESD 51-7 57°C/W 85°C/W
SC-70 (DCK) High K, JESD 51-7 259°C/W 87°C/W
SOIC (D) High K, JESD 51-7 39°C/W 97°C/W
SOP (PS) High K, JESD 51-7 46°C/W 95°C/W
SOT-89 (PK) High K, JESD 51-7 9°C/W 52°C/W
SOT-23-5 (DBV) High K, JESD 51-7 131°C/W 206°C/W
SOT-23-3 (DBZ) High K, JESD 51-7 76°C/W 206°C/W
TO-92 (LP) High K, JESD 51-7 55°C/W 140°C/W
TSSOP (PW) High K, JESD 51-7 65°C/W 149°C/W
(1) Maximum power dissipation is a function of TJ(max),θJA, and TA. The maximum allowable power dissipation at any allowable ambient
temperature is PD= (TJ(max) TA)/θJA. Operating at the absolute maximum TJof 150°C can affect reliability.
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS MIN MAX UNIT
VKA Cathode voltage Vref 36 V
IKA Cathode current 1 100 mA
TL43xxC 0 70
TAOperating free-air temperature TL43xxI –40 85 °C
TL43xxQ –40 125
10 Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431C, TL432C
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2440 2495 2550 mV
SOT23-3 and TL432
Deviation of reference input 6 16
VKA = Vref,devices
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 mV
IKA = 10 mA,
range(1) All other devices 4 25
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.4 1.2 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 1 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 1 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 11
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431I, TL432I
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2440 2495 2550 mV
SOT23-3 and TL432
Deviation of reference input 14 34
VKA = Vref,devices
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 mV
IKA = 10 mA
range(1) All other devices 5 50
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.8 2.5 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 1 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 1 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
12 Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431Q, TL432Q
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2440 2495 2550 mV
Deviation of reference input
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 14 34 mV
range(1)
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.8 2.5 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 1 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 1 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 13
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431AC, TL432AC
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2470 2495 2520 mV
SOT23-3 and TL432
Deviation of reference input 6 16
VKA = Vref,devices
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 mV
IKA = 10 mA
range(1) All other devices 4 25
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.8 1.2 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 0.6 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 0.5 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
14 Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431AI, TL432AI
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2470 2495 2520 mV
SOT23-3 and TL432
Deviation of reference input 14 34
VKA = Vref,devices
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 mV
IKA = 10 mA
range(1) All other devices 5 50
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.8 2.5 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 0.7 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 0.5 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 15
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
www.ti.com
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431AQ, TL432AQ
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2470 2495 2520 mV
Deviation of reference input
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 14 34 mV
range(1)
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.8 2.5 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 0.7 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 0.5 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
16 Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B
R2
R1
|z |
KA
(
1 +
(
I
V
|z'| =
IKA
VKA
|z | =
KA
(2) The dynamic impedance is defined as:
When the device is operating with two external resistors (see Figure 5), the total dynamic impedance of the circuit is given by:
which is approximately equal to .
TL431, TL431A, TL431B
TL432, TL432A, TL432B
www.ti.com
SLVS543M AUGUST 2004REVISED JULY 2012
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
over recommended operating conditions, TA= 25°C (unless otherwise noted) TL431BC, TL432BC
PARAMETER TEST CIRCUIT TEST CONDITIONS UNIT
MIN TYP MAX
Vref Reference voltage Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 2483 2495 2507 mV
Deviation of reference input
VI(dev) voltage over full temperature Figure 4 VKA = Vref, IKA = 10 mA 6 16 mV
range(1)
Ratio of change in reference ΔVKA = 10 V Vref -1.4 -2.7
ΔVref /voltage to the change in Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA mV/V
ΔVKA ΔVKA = 36 V 10 V -1 -2
cathode voltage
Iref Reference input current Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 2 4 µA
Deviation of reference input
II(dev) current over full temperature Figure 5 IKA = 10 mA, R1 = 10 k, R2 = 0.8 1.2 µA
range(1)
Minimum cathode current for
Imin Figure 4 VKA = Vref 0.4 0.6 mA
regulation
Ioff Off-state cathode current Figure 6 VKA = 36 V, Vref = 0 0.1 0.5 µA
|zKA| Dynamic impedance(2) Figure 4 VKA = Vref, f 1 kHz, IKA = 1 mA to 100 mA 0.2 0.5
(1) The deviation parameters Vref(dev) and Iref(dev) are defined as the differences between the maximum and minimum values obtained over
the rated temperature range. The average full-range temperature coefficient of the reference input voltage αVref is defined as:
αVref is positive or negative, depending on whether minimum Vref or maximum Vref, respectively, occurs at the lower temperature.
Copyright © 2004–2012, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 17
Product Folder Link(s): TL431 TL431A TL431B TL432 TL432A TL432B