©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-63004

MULTILAYER CERAMIC CAPACITORS/AXIAL

&RADIAL LEADED

Multilayer ceramic capacitors are available in a

variety of physical sizes and configurations, including

leaded devices and surface mounted chips. Leaded

styles include molded and conformally coated parts

with axial and radial leads. However, the basic

capacitor element is similar for all styles. It is called a

chip and consists of formulated dielectric materials

which have been cast into thin layers, interspersed

with metal electrodes alternately exposed on opposite

edges of the laminated structure.

The entire structure is

fired at high temperature to produce a monolithic

block

which provides high capacitance values in a

small physical volume. After firing, conductive

terminations are applied to opposite ends of the chip to

make contact with the exposed electrodes.

Termination materials and methods vary depending on

the intended use.

TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS

Ceramic dielectric materials can be formulated with

awide range of characteristics. The EIA standard for

ceramic dielectric capacitors (RS-198) divides ceramic

dielectrics into the following classes:

Class I: Temperature compensating capacitors,

suitable for resonant circuit application or other appli-

cations where high Q and stability of capacitance char-

acteristics are required. Class I capacitors have

predictable temperature coefficients and are not

affected by voltage, frequency or time. They are made

from materials which are not ferro-electric, yielding

superior stability but low volumetric efficiency.Class I

capacitors are the most stable type available, but have

the lowest volumetric efficiency.

Class II: Stable capacitors, suitable for bypass

or coupling applications or frequency discriminating

circuits where Q and stability of capacitance char-

acteristics arenot of major importance. Class II

capacitors have temperature characteristics of ± 15%

or less. They aremade from materials which are

ferro-electric, yielding higher volumetric efficiency but

less stability. Class II capacitors are affected by

temperature, voltage, frequency and time.

Class III: General purpose capacitors, suitable

for by-pass coupling or other applications in which

dielectric losses, high insulation resistance and

stability of capacitance characteristics are of little or

no importance. Class III capacitors are similar to Class

II capacitors except for temperature characteristics,

which are greater than ± 15%. Class III capacitors

have the highest vol

umetric efficiency and poorest

stability of any type.

KEMET leaded ceramic capacitors are offered in

the three most popular temperature characteristics:

C0G: Class I, with a temperature coefficient of 0 ±

30 ppm per degree C over an operating

temperature range of - 55°C to + 125°C (Also

known as “NP0”).

X7R: Class II, with a maximum capacitance

change of ± 15% over an operating temperature

range of - 55°Cto + 125°C.

Z5U: Class III, with a maximum capacitance

change of + 22% - 56% over an operating tem-

peraturerange of + 10°Cto + 85°C.

Specified electrical limits for these three temperature

characteristics areshown in Table 1.

SPECIFIED ELECTRICAL LIMITS

Table I

C0G X7R Z5U

Dissipation Factor: Measured at following conditions.

C0G – 1 kHz and 1 vrms if capacitance >1000pF

1 MHz and 1 vrms if capacitance 1000 pF

X7R – 1 kHz and 1 vrms* or if extended cap range 0.5 vrms

Z5U – 1 kHz and 0.5 vrms

0.10%

2.5%

(3.5% @ 25V)

4.0%

Dielectric Stength: 2.5 times rated DC voltage.

Insulation Resistance (IR): At rated DC voltage,

whichever of the two is smaller

1,000 M F

or 100 G

1,000 M F

or 100 G

1,000 M F

or 10 G

Temperature Characteristics: Range, °C

Capacitance Change without

DC voltage

-55 to +125

0 ± 30 ppm/°C

-55 to +125

± 15%

+ 10 to +85

+22%,-56%

* MHz and 1 vrms if capacitance 100 pF on military product.

Parameter

Temperature Characteristics

Pass Subsequent IR Test

ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS

The fundamental electrical properties of multilayer

ceramic capacitors are as follows:

Polarity: Multilayer ceramic capacitors are not polar,

and may be used with DC voltage applied in either direction.

Rated Voltage: This term refers to the maximum con-

tinuous DC working voltage permissible across the entire

operating temperature range. Multilayer ceramic capacitors

are not extremely sensitive to voltage, and brief applications

ofvoltage above rated will not result in immediate failure.

However, reliability will be reduced by exposure to sustained

voltages above rated.

Capacitance:

The standard unit of capacitance is the

farad. For practical capacitors, it is usually expressed in

microfarads (10-6 farad), nanofarads (10-9 farad), or picofarads

(10-12 farad). Standard measurement conditions are as

follows:

Class I (up to 1,000 pF): 1MHz and 1.2 VRMS

maximum.

Class I (over 1,000 pF): 1kHz and 1.2 VRMS

maximum.

Class II: 1 kHz and 1.0 ± 0.2 VRMS.

Class III: 1 kHz and 0.5 ± 0.1 VRMS.

Like all other practical capacitors, multilayer ceramic

capacitors also have resistance and inductance. A simplified

schematic for the equivalent circuit is shown in Figure 1.

Other significant electrical characteristics resulting from

these additional properties are as follows:

Impedance: Since the parallel resistance (Rp) is nor-

mally very high, the total impedance of the capacitor is:

Figure 1

C=Capacitance

L = Inductance

RS=Equivalent Series Resistance (ESR)

RP=Insulation Resistance (IR)

RP

RS

C

L

Z =

Where Z = Total Impedance

RS = Equivalent Series Resistance

X

C

=Capacitive Reactance =

2ππfC

X

L

=Inductive Reactance = 2ππfL

1

R

S

+(X

C

- X

L

)

22

DF = ESR

Xc

Xc2πfC

1

=

Figure 2

δ

Ζ

O

Xc

ESR

The variation of a capacitor’s impedance with frequency

determines its effectiveness in many applications.

Dissipation Factor: Dissipation Factor (DF) is a mea-

sure of the losses in a capacitor under AC application. It is the

ratio of the equivalent series resistance to the capacitive reac-

tance

,and is usually expressed in percent. It is usually mea-

sured simultaneously with capacitance, and under the same

conditions. The vector diagram in Figure 2 illustrates the rela-

tionship between DF, ESR, and impedance. The reciprocal of

the dissipation factor is called the “Q”, or quality factor. For

convenience, the “Q” factor is often used for very low values

of dissipation factor. DF is sometimes called the “loss tangent”

or “tangent d”, as derived from this diagram.

Insulation Resistance: Insulation Resistance (IR) is the

DC resistance measured across the terminals of a capacitor,

represented by the parallel resistance (Rp) shown in Figure 1.

For a given dielectric type, electrode area increases with

capacitance, resulting in a decrease in the insulation resis-

tance. Consequently, insulation resistance is usually specified

as the “RC” (IR x C) product, in terms of ohm-farads or

megohm-microfarads. The insulation resistance for a specific

capacitance value is determined by dividing this product by

the capacitance. However, as the nominal capacitance values

become small, the insulation resistance calculated from the

RC product reaches values which are impractical.

Consequently, IR specifications usually include both a mini-

mum RC product and a maximum limit on the IR calculated

from that value. For example, a typical IR specification might

read “1,000 megohm-microfarads or 100 gigohms, whichever

is less.”

Insulation Resistance is the measure of a capacitor to

resist the flow of DC leakage current. It is sometimes referred

to as “leakage resistance.” The DC leakage current may be

calculated by dividing the applied voltage by the insulation

resistance (Ohm’s Law).

Dielectric Withstanding Voltage: Dielectric withstand-

ing voltage (DWV) is the peak voltage which a capacitor is

designed to withstand for short periods of time without dam-

age. All KEMET multilayer ceramic capacitors will withstand a

test voltage of 2.5 x the rated voltage for 60 seconds.

KEMET specification limits for these characteristics at

standard measurement conditions are shown in Table 1 on

page 4. Variations in these properties caused by changing

conditions of temperature, voltage, frequency, and time are

covered in the following sections.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-6300 5

APPLICATION NOTES FOR MULTILAYER

CERAMIC CAPACITORS

Application Notes

APPLICATION NOTES FOR MULTILAYER

CERAMIC CAPACITORS

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-63006

TABLE 1

EIA TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTIC CODES

FOR CLASS I DIELECTRICS

Significant Figure Multiplier Applied Tolerance of

of Temperature to Temperature Temperature

Coefficient Coefficient Coefficient *

PPM per Letter Multi- Number PPM per Letter

Degree C Symbol plier Symbol Degree C Symbol

0.0 C -1 0 ±30 G

0.3 B -10 1 ±60 H

0.9 A -100 2 ±120 J

1.0 M -1000 3 ±250 K

1.5 P -100000 4 ±500 L

2.2 R +1 5 ±1000 M

3.3 S +10 6 ±2500 N

4.7 T +100 7

7.5 U +1000 8

+10000 9

*These symetrical tolerances apply to a two-point measurement of

temperature coefficient: one at 25°C and one at 85°C. Some deviation

is permitted at lower temperatures. For example, the PPM tolerance

for C0G at -55°C is +30 / -72 PPM.

TABLE 2

EIA TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTIC CODES

FOR CLASS II & III DIELECTRICS

Low Temperature High Temperature Maximum Capacitance

Rating Rating Shift

Degree Letter Degree Number Letter

Celcius Symbol Celcius Symbol Percent Symbol

+10C Z +45C 2 ±1.0% A

-30C Y +65C 4 ±1.5% B

-55C X +85C 5 ±2.2% C

+105C 6±3.3% D

+125C 7 ±4.7% E

+150C 8 ±7.5% F

+200C 9±10.0% P

±15.0% R

±22.0% S

+22/-33% T

+22/-56% U

+22/-82% V

+10 +20 +30 +40 +50 +60 +70 +80

Effect of Temperature: Both capacitance and dissipa-

tion factor are affected by variations in temperature. The max-

imum capacitance change with temperatureis defined by the

temperaturecharacteristic. However,this only defines a “box”

bounded by the upper and lower operating temperatures and

the minimum and maximum capacitance values. Within this

“box”, the variation with temperature depends upon the spe-

cific dielectric formulation. Typical curves for KEMET capaci-

tors are shown in Figures 3, 4, and 5. These figures also

include the typical change in dissipation factor for KEMET

capacitors.

Insulation resistance decreases with temperature.

Typically, the insulation resistance at maximum rated temper-

atureis 10% of the 25°Cvalue.

Effect of Voltage: Class I ceramic capacitors arenot

affected by variations in applied AC or DC voltages. For Class

II and III ceramic capacitors, variations in voltage affect only

the capacitance and dissipation factor.The application of DC

voltage higher than 5 vdc reduces both the capacitance and

dissipation factor. The application of AC voltages up to 10-20

Vac tends to increase both capacitance and dissipation factor.

At higher AC voltages, both capacitance and dissipation factor

begin to decrease.

Typical curves showing the effect of applied AC and DC

voltage are shown in Figure 6 for KEMET X7R capacitors and

Figure 7 for KEMET Z5U capacitors.

Effect of Frequency: Frequency affects both capaci-

tance and dissipation factor. Typical curves for KEMET multi-

layer ceramic capacitors are shown in Figures 8 and 9.

T

he variation of impedance with frequency is an impor-

tant consideration in the application of multilayer ceramic

capacitors. Total impedance of the capacitor is the vector of the

capacitive reactance, the inductive reactance, and the ESR, as

illustrated in Figure 2. As frequency increases, the capacitive

reactance decreases. However, the series inductance (L)

shown in Figure 1 produces inductive reactance, which

increases with frequency. At some frequency, the impedance

ceases to be capacitive and becomes inductive. This point, at

the bottom of the V-shaped impedance versus frequency

curves, is the self-resonant frequency. At the self-resonant fre-

quency, the reactance is zero, and the impedance consists of

the ESR only.

Typical impedance versus frequency curves for KEMET

multilayer ceramic capacitors areshown in Figures 10, 11, and

12. These curves apply to KEMET capacitors in chip form, with-

out leads. Lead configuration and lead length have a significant

impact on the series inductance. The lead inductance is

approximately 10nH/inch, which is large compared to the

inductance of the chip. The effect of this additional inductance

is a decrease in the self-resonant frequency,and an increase

in impedance in the inductive region above the self-resonant

frequency.

Effect of Time: The capacitance of Class II and III

dielectrics change with time as well as with temperature, volt-

age and frequency. This change with time is known as “aging.”

It is caused by gradual realignment of the crystalline structure

of the ceramic dielectric material as it is cooled below its Curie

temperature, which produces a loss of capacitance with time.

The aging process is predictable and follows a logarithmic

decay.Typical aging rates for C0G, X7R, and Z5U dielectrics

areas follows:

C0G None

X7R 2.0% per decade of time

Z5U 5.0% per decade of time

Typical aging curves for X7R and Z5U dielectrics are

shown in Figure 13.

The aging process is reversible. If the capacitor is heat-

ed to a temperature above its Curie point for some period of

time, de-aging will occur and the capacitor will regain the

capacitance lost during the aging process. The amount of de-

aging depends on both the elevated temperatureand the

length of time at that temperature. Exposure to 150°C for one-

half hour or 125°C for two hours is usually sufficient to return

the capacitor to its initial value.

Because the capacitance changes rapidly immediately

after de-aging, capacitance measurements are usually delayed

for at least 10 hours after the de-aging process, which is often

referred to as the “last heat.” In addition, manufacturers utilize

the aging rates to set factory test limits which will bring the

capacitance within the specified tolerance at some futuretime,

to allow for customer receipt and use. Typically, the test limits

areadjusted so that the capacitance will be within the specified

tolerance after either 1,000 hours or 100 days, depending on

the manufacturer and the product type.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-6300 7

Application Notes

APPLICATION NOTES FOR MULTILAYER

CERAMIC CAPACITORS

APPLICATION NOTES FOR MULTILAYER

CERAMIC CAPACITORS

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-63008

POWER DISSIPATION

Power dissipation has been empirically determined for

two representative KEMET series: C052 and C062. Power dis-

sipation capability for various mounting configurations is shown

in Table 3. This table was extracted from Engineering Bulletin

F-2013, which provides a more detailed treatment of this sub-

ject.

Note that no significant difference was detected between

the two sizes in spite of a 2 to 1 surface area ratio. Due to the

materials used in the construction of multilayer ceramic capac-

itors, the power dissipation capability does not depend greatly

onthe surface area of the capacitor body, but rather on how

well heat is conducted out of the capacitor lead wires.

Consequently, this power dissipation capability is applicable to

other leaded multilayer styles and sizes.

TABLE 3

POWER DISSIPATION CAPABILITY

(Rise in Celsius degrees per Watt)

Power

Mounting Configuration Dissipation

ofC052 & C062

1.00" leadwiresattached to binding post 90 Celsius degrees

ofGR-1615 bridge (excellent heat sink) rise per Watt ±10%

0.25" leadwires attached to binding post 55 Celsius degrees

of GR-1615 bridge rise per Watt ±10%

Capacitor mounted flush to 0.062" glass- 77 Celsius degrees

epoxy circuit board with small copper traces rise per Watt ±10%

Capacitor mounted flush to 0.062" glass- 53 Celsius degrees

epoxy circuit board with four square inches rise per Watt ±10%

of copper land area as a heat sink

As shown in Table 3, the power dissipation capability of

the capacitor is very sensitive to the details of its use environ-

ment. The temperature rise due to power dissipation should not

exceed 20°C. Using that constraint, the maximum permissible

power dissipation may be calculated from the data provided in

Table 3.

It is often convenient to translate power dissipation capa-

bility into a permissible AC voltage rating. Assuming a sinu-

soidal wave form, the RMS “ripple voltage” may be calculated

The data necessary to make this calculation is included in

Engineering Bulletin F-2013. However,the following criteria

must be observed:

1. The temperature rise due to power dissipation

should be limited to 20°C.

2. The peak AC voltage plus the DC voltage must not

exceed the maximum working voltage of the

capacitor.

Provided that these criteria aremet, multilayer ceramic

E = Z x

Where E = RMS Ripple Voltage (volts)

P = Power Dissipation (watts)

Z = Impedance

R = ESR

P

MAX

R

capacitors may be operated with AC voltage applied without

need for DC bias.

RELIABILITY

Awell constructed multilayer ceramic capacitor is

extremely reliable and, for all practical purposes, has an infi-

nite life span when used within the maximum voltage and

temperature ratings. Capacitor failure may be induced by sus-

tained operation at voltages that exceed the rated DC voltage,

voltage spikes or transients that exceed the dielectric with-

standing voltage, sustained operation at temperatures above

the maximum rated temperature, or the excessive tempera-

ture rise due to power dissipation.

Failure rate is usually expressed in terms of percent per

1,000 hours or in FITS (failure per billion hours). Some

KEMET series are qualified under U.S. military established

reliability specifications MIL-PRF-20, MIL-PRF-123, MIL-

PRF-39014, and MIL-PRF-55681. Failure rates as low as

0.001% per 1,000 hours are available for all capacitance /

voltage ratings covered by these specifications. These spec-

ifications and

accompanying Qualified Products List should

be consulted for details.

For series not covered by these military specifications,

an internal testing program is maintained by KEMET Quality

Assurance. Samples from each week’s production are sub-

jected to a 2,000 hour accelerated life test at 2 x rated voltage

and maximum rated temperature. Based on the results of

these tests, the average failure rate for all non-military series

covered by this test program is currently 0.06% per 1,000

hours at maximum rated conditions. The failure rate would be

much lower at typical use conditions. For example, using MIL-

HDBK-217D this failure rate translates to 0.9 FITS at 50%

rated voltage and 50°C.

Current failure rate details for specific KEMET multilay-

er ceramic capacitor series areavailable on request.

MISAPPLICATION

Ceramic capacitors, like any other capacitors, may fail

if they aremisapplied. Typical misapplications include expo-

sure to excessive voltage, current or temperature. If the

dielectric layer of the capacitor is damaged by misapplication

the electrical energy of the circuit can be released as heat,

which may damage the circuit board and other components

as well.

If potential for misapplication exists, it is recommended

that precautions be taken to protect personnel and equipment

during initial application of voltage. Commonly used precau-

tions include shielding of personnel and sensing for excessive

power drain during board testing.

STORAGE AND HANDLING

Ceramic chip capacitors should be stored in normal

working environments. While the chips themselves are quite

robust in other environments, solderability will be degraded

by exposureto high temperatures, high humidity, corrosive

atmospheres, and long term storage. In addition, packaging

materials will be degraded by high temperature–reels may

soften or warp, and tape peel force may increase. KEMET

recommends that maximum storage temperature not exceed

40˚ C, and maximum storage humidity not exceed 70% rela-

tive humidity. In addition, temperature fluctuations should be

minimized to avoid condensation on the parts, and atmos-

pheres should be free of chlorine and sulfur bearing com-

pounds. For optimized solderability, chip stock should be

used promptly, preferably within 1.5 years of receipt.

from the following formula:

IMPEDANCE VS FREQUENCY

Impedance (Ohms)

110100 1,000

0.001

0.01

1

10

100

0.1

0.1

Frequency - MHz

Impedance vs Frequency for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

EFFECT OF FREQUENCY

-0.1

0

+0.2

-0.2

+0.1

0.10

0.20

0.0

Frequency - Hertz

Capacitance & DF vs Frequency - C0G

Figure 8.

%DF

Typical Aging Rates for X7R & Z5UFigure 13.

74%

76%

78%

80%

82%

84%

86%

88%

90%

92%

94%

96%

98%

100%

Capacitance

110100 1000 10K 100K

EFFECT OF TIME

%DF

-10

-5

+5

-15

0

5.0

10.0

0.0

2.5

7.5

Frequency - Hertz

Capacitance & DF vs Frequency - X7R & Z5U

Figure 9.

.01μF.001μF

%ΔC

1001K 10K 100K1M 10M

1001K 10K 100K1M 10M

%ΔC

%ΔC

%DF

Z5U

X7R

%DF

%ΔC

Impedance (Ohms)

110100 1,000

0.001

0.01

1

10

100

0.1

0.1

Frequency - MHz

Impedance vs Frequency for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance (Ohms)

110100 1,000

0.001

0.01

1

10

100

0.1

0.1

Frequency - MHz

Impedance vs Frequency for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

0.1μF

1.0 μF

0.1μF.01μF

1.0 μF

Impedance vs. Frequency

Leaded Ceramic C0G

0.01

0.1

1

10

100

0.1 1 1 0100 1000

Frequency - MHz

Impedance (Ohms)

0.01µF

0.001µF

Leaded X7R

0.01

0.1

1

10

100

0.1 1 1 0100 1000

Frequency - MHz

Impedance (Ohms)

0.01µF

0.1µF

Impedance vs. Frequency

1.0µF

Impedance vs. Frequency

Leaded Z5U

0.01

0.1

1

10

100

0.1 1 1 0100 1000

Frequency - MHz

Impedance (Ohms)

0.1µF

1.0µF

Impedance vs Frequency

for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

Impedance vs Frequency

for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance vs Frequency

for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

Impedance vs Frequency

for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

Impedance vs Frequency

for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance vs Frequency

for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

Impedance vs Frequency

for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

Impedance vs Frequency

for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance vs Frequency

for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

Capacitance

100%

74%

76%

78%

80%

82%

84%

86%

88%

90%

92%

94%

96%

98%

X7R

Z5U

1 10 100 1000 10K 100K

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-6300 9

Application Notes

APPLICATION NOTES FOR MULTILAYER

CERAMIC CAPACITORS

Impedance vs Frequency

for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

Impedance vs Frequency

for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance vs Frequency

for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

Impedance vs Frequency

for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

Impedance vs Frequency

for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance vs Frequency

for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

Impedance vs Frequency

for C0G Dielectric

Figure 10.

Impedance vs Frequency

for Z5U Dielectric

Figure 12.

Impedance vs Frequency

for X7R Dielectric

Figure 11.

(hours)

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-630010

CERAMIC CONFORMALLY COATED/AXIAL

“AXIMAX”

GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS

Working Voltage:

Axial(WVDC)

C0G 50, 100,200

X7R 25, 50, 100, 200,250

Z5U 50, 100

Radial(WVDC)

C0G 50, 100,200, 500, 1k,1.5k, 2k, 2.5k, 3k

X7R 25, 50, 100, 200,250, 500, 1k,1.5k, 2k, 2.5k, 3k

Z5U 50, 100

Temperature Characteristics:

C0G 0 ±30 PPM / °C from -55°C to +125°C (1)

X7R ± 15% from -55°C to +125°C

Z5U + 22%, -56% from +10°C to +85°C

Capacitance Tolerance:

C0G ±0.5pF, ±1%, ±2%, ±5%, ±10%, ±20%

X7R ±10%, ±20%, +80% / -20%

Z5U ±20%, 80% / -20%

Construction:

Epoxy encapsulated – meets flame test requirements

of UL Standard 94V-0.

High-temperature solder – meets EIA RS-198, Method 302,

Condition B (260°C for 10 seconds)

Lead Material:

Standard: 100% matte tin (Sn) with nickel (Ni) underplate

and steel core ( “TA” designation).

Alternative 1: 60% Tin (Sn)/40% Lead (Pb) finish with copper-

clad steel core ( “HA” designation).

Alternative 2: 60% Tin (Sn)/40% Lead (Pb) finish with 100%

copper core (available with “HA” termination code with c-spec)

Solderability:

EIA RS-198, Method 301, Solder Temperature: 230°C ±5°C.

Dwell time in solder = 7 ± seconds.

Terminal Strength:

EIA RS-198, Method 303, Condition A (2.2kg)

ELECTRICAL

Capacitance @ 25°C:

Within specifiedtolerance andfollowing test conditions.

C0G – >1000pF with 1.0 vrms @ 1 kHz

1000pF with 1.0 vrms @ 1 MHz

X7R – with 1.0 vrms @ 1 kHz (Referee Time: 1,000 hours)

Z5U – with 1.0 vrms @ 1 kHz

Dissipation Factor @25°C:

Same test conditions as capacitance.

C0G – 0.10% maximum

X7R – 2.5% maximum (3.5% for 25V)

Z5U – 4.0% maximum

Insulation Resistance @25°C:

EIA RS-198, Method 104, Condition A <1kV

C0G – 100 G or 1000 M – F, whicheveris less.

500V test @ rated voltage, >500V test @ 500V

X7R – 100 G or 1000 M – F, whichever is less.

500V test @ rated voltage, >500V test @ 500V

Z5U – 10 G or 1000 M – F, whichever is less.

Dielectric Withstanding Voltage:

EIA RS-198, Method 103

250Vtest @ 250% ofrated voltage for 5 seconds

with current limited to 50mA.

500Vtest @ 150% of rated voltage for 5 seconds

with current limited to 50mA.

1000Vtest @ 120% of rated voltage for 5 seconds

with current limited to 50mA.

ENVIRONMENTAL

Vibration:

with current limited to 50mA.

ENVIRONMENTAL

Vibration:

EIA RS-198, Method 304, Condition D (10-2000Hz; 20g)

Shock:

EIA RS-198, Method 305, Condition I (100g)

Life Test:

EIA RS-198, Method 201, ConditionD.

<200V

C0G – 200% of rated voltage @ +125°C

X7R – 200% of rated voltage @ +125°C

Z5U – 200% of rated voltage @ +85°C

>500V

C0G – rated voltage @ +125°C

X7R – rated voltage @ +125°C

Post Test Limits @ 25°C are:

Capacitance Change:

C0G ( 200V) – ±3% or 0.25pF, whichever is greater.

C0G ( 500V) – ±3% or 0.50pF, whichever is greater.

X7R – ± 20% of initial value (2)

Z5U – ± 30% of initial value (2)

Dissipation Factor:

C0G – 0.10% maximum

X7R – 2.5% maximum (3.5% for 25V)

Z5U – 4.0% maximum

Insulation Resistance:

C0G – 10 G or 100 M – F, whichever is less.

>1kV tested @ 500V.

X7R – 10 G or 100 M – F, whichever is less.

>1kV tested @ 500V.

Z5U – 1 G or 100 M – F, whichever is less.

Moisture Resistance:

EIA RS-198, Method 204, Condition A (10 cycles

without applied voltage).

Post Test Limits @ 25°C are:

Capacitance Change:

C0G ( 200V) – ±3% or ±0.25pF, whichever is greater.

C0G ( 500V) – ±3% or ± 0.50pF,whichever is greater.

X7R – ± 20% of initial value (2)

Z5U – ± 30% of initial value (2)

Dissipation Factor:

C0G – 0.10% maximum

X7R – 2.5% maximum (3.5% for 25V)

Z5U – 4.0% maximum

Insulation Resistance:

C0G – 10 G or 100 M –Fwhichever is less.

500V test @ rated voltage, >500V test @ 500V.

X7R – 10 G or 100 M – F, whichever is less.

500V test @ rated voltage, >500V test @ 500V.

Z5U – 1k M or 100 M – F, whichever is less.

Thermal Shock:

EIA RS-198, Method 202, Condition B (C0G & X7R:

-55°C to 125°C); Condition A (Z5U: -55°C to 85°C)

(1) +53 PPM -30 PPM/ °C from +25°C to -55°C, + 60 PPM below 10pF.

(2) X7R and Z5U dielectrics exhibitaging characteristics; therefore,it is highly

recommended that capacitors be deaged for 2 hours at 150°C and stabilized

at room temperature for 48 hours before capacitance measurements are made.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-630022

CERAMIC CONFORMALLY COATED/RADIAL

HIGH VOLTAGE “GOLD MAX”

DIMENSIONS - INCHES (MILLIMETERS)

For packaging information, see pages 47, and 48.

MARKING INFORMATION

K6D 102K K6DR

103K

K6G

102K

1000V

0814

KEMET

Series

Capacitance,

Tolerance

Voltage

Capacitance,

Tolerance

Dielectric

Voltage

Series

KEMET Capacitance,

Tolerance

Voltage

Series

KEMET

Rated

Voltage

Date

Code

C617 & C62X C63X C64X, C65X, C66X

Front View Back View

CAPACITOR OUTLINE DRAWING

C617 .250 (6.35) .220 (5.59) .200 (5.08) .170 (4.32) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C622/3 .320 (8.13) .280 (7.11) .250 (6.35) .220 (5.59) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C627/8 .370 (9.40) .300 (7.62) .250 (6.35) .275 (6.98) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C630/1 .450 (11.40) .220 (5.59) .200 (5.08) .300 (7.62) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C637/8 .470 (11.90) .400 (10.20) .270 (6.89) .375 (9.52) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C640/1 .550 (14.00) .280 (7.11) .250 (6.35) .400 (10.16) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C642/3 .500 (12.70) .560 (14.22) .200 (5.08) .400 (10.16) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C647/8 .570 (14.50) .500 (12.70) .270 (6.89) .475 (12.06) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C657/8 .670 (17.02) .600 (15.24) .270 (6.89) .575 (14.60) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

C667/8 .770 (19.56) .720 (18.29) .270 (6.89) .675 (17.14) .025 (0.64) .276 (7.00)

LL

Minimum

S(Nominal)

Lead Spacing

±.030 (.762)

LD (Nominal)

+.004 (.10)

-.001 (.025)

Case

Size

L MAX

H MAX

T MAX

ORDERING INFORMATION

C 622 C 102 M D R 5 T A

CERAMIC

CASE SIZE

See Table Above

SPECIFICATION

C – Standard

CAPACITANCE PICOFARAD CODE

Expressed in picofarads (pF). First two

digits represent significant figures. Third

digit specifies number of zeros. Use 9 for

1.0 thru 9.9 pF. Example 2.2pF = 229

CAPACITANCE TOLERANCE

C0G: C–±0.25pF; D – 0.50pF; J – ±5%;

K – ±10%; M – ±20%

X7R: K–±10%; M – ±20%; P – 0, -100%;

Z–-20,+80%

RATED VOLTAGE (DC)

C–500 G – 2000

D – 1000 Z – 2500

F – 1500 H – 3000

FAILURE RATE

A – Not Applicable

LEAD MATERIAL

T – 100% Tin (Sn) - RoHS)

H – 60/40 Tin (Sn)/Lead (Pb)

INTERNAL CONSTRUCTION

5 – Multilayer

DIELECTRIC

EIA Designation

G–C0G (NP0) - Ultra Stable

R – X7R - Stable

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-6300 23

5001k1.5k 2k 3k 5001k1.5k 2k 3k 5001k1.5k 2k 3k 5001k1.5k2k2.5k3k 5001k1.5k2k2.5k 3k

1.0p

F

109 C,D

1.5 159 C,D

2.2 229 C,D

2.7 279 C,D

3.3 339 C,D

3.9 C,D

4.7 479 C,D

5.

6

569 C,D

6.8 C,D

8.2 C,D

1

0

100 J,K,M

12 120 J,K,M

15 150 J,K,M

1

8

180 J,K,M

22 220 J,K,M

27 270 J,K,M

33 330 J,K,M

39 390 J,K,M

47 470 J,K,M

5

6

560 J,K,M

6

8

680 J,K,M

82 820 J,K,M

100 101 J,K,M

120 121 J,K,M

150 151 J,K,M

180 181 J,K,M

220 221 J,K,M

270 271 J,K,M

330 331 J,K,M

390 391 J,K,M

470 471 J,K,M

560 561 J,K,M

681 J,K,M

820 821 J,K,M

1000 102 J,K,M

1200 122 J,K,M

1500 152 J,K,M

1800 182 J,K,M

2200 222 J,K,M

2700 272 J,K,M

3300 332 J,K,M

3900 392 J,K,M

4700 472 J,K,M

5600 562 J,K,M

6800 682 J,K,M

8200 822 J,K,M

.010u

F

103 J,K,M

.012 123 J,K,M

.015 153 J,K,M

.018 183 J,K,M

.022 223 J,K,M

.027 273 J,K,M

.033 333 J,K,M

.039 393 J,K,M

.047 473 J,K,M

.056 563 J,K,M

.068 683 J,K,M

.082 823 J,K,M

.10 104 J,K,M

C

DVWCDVW

C617

)

3,2=X()8,7=X(

C62X C62X

Cap

Code

Cap C

DVWCDVWCDVW

X36CX36C

(X=0,1) (X=7, 8)

Style

Cap

Tol

Goldmax HV C6XX Series Special Lead Spacing per M49467 -

C0G

680

399

689

829

RATINGS & PART NUMBER REFERENCE — C0G/NP0

High Voltage Gold Max

CERAMIC CONFORMALLY COATED/RADIAL

HIGH VOLTAGE “GOLD MAX”

Note: C6xx Series arecommercial parts that meet special lead spacing requirements per MIL-PRF-49467.

Group A inspection per MIL-PRF-49467 is available upon request.

For packaging information, see pages 47 and 48.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-630024

CERAMIC CONFORMALLY COATED/RADIAL

HIGH VOLTAGE “GOLD MAX”

500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k 5001k 2k 3k

1.0p

F

109 J,K,M

1.5 159 J,K,M

2.2 229 J,K,M

2.7 279 J,K,M

3.3 339 J,K,M

3.9 J,K,M

4.7 479 J,K,M

5.

6

569 J,K,M

6.8 J,K,M

8.2 J,K,M

1

0

100 J,K,M

12 120 J,K,M

15 150 J,K,M

1

8

180 J,K,M

22 220 J,K,M

27 270 J,K,M

33 330 J,K,M

39 390 J,K,M

47 470 J,K,M

5

6

560 J,K,M

6

8

680 J,K,M

82 820 J,K,M

100 101 J,K,M

120 121 J,K,M

150 151 J,K,M

180 181 J,K,M

220 221 J,K,M

270 271 J,K,M

330 331 J,K,M

390 391 J,K,M

470 471 J,K,M

560 561 J,K,M

681 J,K,M

820 821 J,K,M

1000 102 J,K,M

1200 122 J,K,M

1500 152 J,K,M

1800 182 J,K,M

2200 222 J,K,M

2700 272 J,K,M

3300 332 J,K,M

3900 392 J,K,M

4700 472 J,K,M

5600 562 J,K,M

6800 682 J,K,M

8200 822 J,K,M

.010u

F

103 J,K,M

.012 123 J,K,M

.015 153 J,K,M

.018 183 J,K,M

.022 223 J,K,M

.027 273 J,K,M

.033 333 J,K,M

.039 393 J,K,M

.047 473 J,K,M

.056 563 J,K,M

.068 683 J,K,M

.082 823 J,K,M

.10 104 J,K,M

WVDC

Cap Cap

Code

C

DVWCDVWCDVWCDVW

C64X

(X=0,1)

C66X

(X=2, 3) (X=7, 8) (X=7, 8)

Cap

Tol

Style

Goldmax HV C6XX Series Special Lead Spacing per M49467 -

C0G

cont.

(X=7, 8)

X46CX56CX46C

680

399

689

829

RATINGS & PART NUMBER REFERENCE - C0G/NP0

Note: C6xx Series arecommercial parts that meet special lead spacing requirements per MIL-PRF-49467.

Group A inspection per MIL-PRF-49467 is available upon request.

For packaging information, see pages 47 and 48.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-6300 25

5001k1.5k2k 5001k1.5k2k 3k 5001k1.5k2k 3k 5001k1.5k2k2.5k3k 5001k1.5k2k2.5k 3k

10p

F

100 K,M,P,Z

12 120 K,M,P,Z

15 150 K,M,P,Z

1

8

180 K,M,P,Z

22 220 K,M,P,Z

K,M,P,Z

33 330 K,M,P,Z

39 390 K,M,P,Z

47 470 K,M,P,Z

5

6

560 K,M,P,Z

6

8

680 K,M,P,Z

82 820 K,M,P,Z

100 101 K,M,P,Z

120 121 K,M,P,Z

150 151 K,M,P,Z

180 181 K,M,P,Z

220 221 K,M,P,Z

270 271 K,M,P,Z

330 331 K,M,P,Z

390 391 K,M,P,Z

470 471 K,M,P,Z

560 561 K,M,P,Z

680 681 K,M,P,Z

820 821 K,M,P,Z

1000 102 K,M,P,Z

1200 122 K,M,P,Z

1500 152 K,M,P,Z

1800 182 K,M,P,Z

2200 222 K,M,P,Z

2700 272 K,M,P,Z

3300 332 K,M,P,Z

3900 392 K,M,P,Z

4700 472 K,M,P,Z

5600 562 K,M,P,Z

6800 682 K,M,P,Z

8200 822 K,M,P,Z

.010u

F

103 K,M,P,Z

.012 123 K,M,P,Z

.015 153 K,M,P,Z

.018 183 K,M,P,Z

.022 223 K,M,P,Z

.027 273 K,M,P,Z

.033 333 K,M,P,Z

.039 393 K,M,P,Z

.047 473 K,M,P,Z

.056 563 K,M,P,Z

.068 683 K,M,P,Z

.082 823 K,M,P,Z

.10 104 K,M,P,Z

.12 124 K,M,P,Z

.15 154 K,M,P,Z

.18 184 K,M,P,Z

.22 224 K,M,P,Z

.27 274 K,M,P,Z

.33 334 K,M,P,Z

.39 394 K,M,P,Z

.47 474 K,M,P,Z

.5

6

564 K,M,P,Z

.68 684 K,M,P,Z

.82 824 K,M,P,Z

1.0 105 K,M,P,Z

1.2 125 K,M,P,Z

1.5 155 K,M,P,Z

1.8 185 K,M,P,Z

2.2 225 K,M,P,Z

2.7 275 K,M,P,Z

C63X

Cap Cap

Code

C

DVWCDVWCDVW

X

36CX26C C62X

WVDC

(X=7, 8) (X=0,1)

WVDC

Style

Cap

Tol

(X=2, 3)

Goldmax HV C6XX Series Special Lead Spacing per M49467 -

X7R

C617

(X=7, 8)

270

27

RATINGS & PART NUMBER REFERENCE - X7R

High Voltage Gold Max

CERAMIC CONFORMALLY COATED/RADIAL

HIGH VOLTAGE “GOLD MAX”

Note: C6xx Series are commercial parts that meet special lead spacing requirements per MIL-PRF-49467.

Group A inspection per MIL-PRF-49467 is available upon request.

For packaging information, see pages 47 and 48.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-630026

CERAMIC CONFORMALLY COATED/RADIAL

HIGH VOLTAGE “GOLD MAX”

500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k 500 1k 2k 3k

10p

F

100 K,M,P,Z

12 120 K,M,P,Z

15 150 K,M,P,Z

1

8

180 K,M,P,Z

22 220 K,M,P,Z

17 270 K,M,P,Z

33 330 K,M,P,Z

39 390 K,M,P,Z

47 470 K,M,P,Z

5

6

560 K,M,P,Z

6

8

680 K,M,P,Z

82 820 K,M,P,Z

100 101 K,M,P,Z

120 121 K,M,P,Z

150 151 K,M,P,Z

180 181 K,M,P,Z

220 221 K,M,P,Z

270 271 K,M,P,Z

330 331 K,M,P,Z

390 391 K,M,P,Z

470 471 K,M,P,Z

560 561 K,M,P,Z

680 681 K,M,P,Z

820 821 K,M,P,Z

1000 102 K,M,P,Z

1200 122 K,M,P,Z

1500 152 K,M,P,Z

1800 182 K,M,P,Z

2200 222 K,M,P,Z

2700 272 K,M,P,Z

3300 332 K,M,P,Z

3900 392 K,M,P,Z

4700 472 K,M,P,Z

5600 562 K,M,P,Z

6800 682 K,M,P,Z

8200 822 K,M,P,Z

.010u

F

103 K,M,P,Z

.012 123 K,M,P,Z

.015 153 K,M,P,Z

.018 183 K,M,P,Z

.022 223 K,M,P,Z

.027 273 K,M,P,Z

.033 333 K,M,P,Z

.039 393 K,M,P,Z

.047 473 K,M,P,Z

.056 563 K,M,P,Z

.068 683 K,M,P,Z

.082 823 K,M,P,Z

.10 104 K,M,P,Z

.12 124 K,M,P,Z

.15 154 K,M,P,Z

.18 184 K,M,P,Z

.22 224 K,M,P,Z

.27 274 K,M,P,Z

.33 334 K,M,P,Z

.39 394 K,M,P,Z

.47 474 K,M,P,Z

.5

6

564 K,M,P,Z

.68 684 K,M,P,Z

.82 824 K,M,P,Z

1.0 105 K,M,P,Z

1.2 125 K,M,P,Z

1.5 155 K,M,P,Z

1.8 185 K,M,P,Z

2.2 225 K,M,P,Z

2.7 275 K,M,P,Z

Cap

Tol

Style

WVDC WVDC

X46C X46C X46C

Cap Cap

Code

(X=7, 8)

CDVWCDVWCDVW

C65X

Goldmax HV C6XX Series Special Lead Spacing per M49467 - X7R cont.

C66X

(X=7, 8) (X=7, 8)(X=0,1) (X=2, 3)

RATINGS & PART NUMBER REFERENCE - X7R

Note: C6xx Series are commercial parts that meet special lead spacing requirements per MIL-PRF-49467.

Group A inspection per MIL-PRF-49467 is available upon request.

For packaging information, see pages 47 and 48.

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-6300 47

Tape and Reel Packaging

CERAMIC LEADED

PACKAGING INFORMATION

©KEMET Electronics Corporation, P.O. Box 5928, Greenville, S.C. 29606, (864) 963-630048

CERAMIC LEADED

PACKAGING INFORMATION

KEMET

Series

Military

Style

Military

Specification

Standard (1)

Bulk

Quantity

Ammo Pack

Quantity

Maximum

Maximum

Reel

Quantity

Reel

Size

C114C-K-G CK12, CC75 MIL-C-11015/ 200/Box 5000 12"

C124C-K-G CK13, CC76 MIL-PRF-20 200/Box 5000 12"

C192C-K-G CK14, CC77 100/Box 3000 12"

C202C-K CK15 25/Box 500 12"

C222C-K CK16 10/Tray 300 12"

C052C-K-G CK05, CC05 100/Bag 2000 2000 12"

C062C-K-G CK06, CC06 100/Bag 1500 1500 12"

C114G CCR75 MIL-PRF-20 200/Box 5000 12"

C124G CCR76 200/Box 5000 12"

C192G CCR77 100/Box 3000 12"

C202G CC78-CCR78 25/Box 500 12"

C222G CC79-CCR79 10/Tray 300 12"

C052/56G CCR05 100/Bag 1700 12"

C062/66G CCR06 100/Bag 1500 12"

C512G CC07-CCR07 Footnote (2) N/A N/A

C522G CC08-CCR08 Footnote (2) N/A N/A

C114T CKR11 MIL-PRF-39014 200/Box 5000 12"

C124T CKR12 200/Box 5000 12"

C192T CKR14 100/Box 3000 12"

C202T CKR15 25/Box 500 12"

C222T CKR16 10/Tray 300 12"

C052/56T CKR05 100/Bag 1700 12"

C062/66T CKR06 100/Bag 1500 12"

C31X 500/Bag 2500 2500 12"

C32X 500/Bag 2500 2500 12"

C33X 250/Bag 1500 1500 12"

C340 100/Bag 1000 1000 12"

C350 50/Bag N/A 500 12"

C410 300/Box 4000 5000 12"

C412 200/Box 4000 5000 12"

C420 300/Box 4000 5000 12"

C430 200/Box 2000 2500 12"

C440 200/Box 2000 2500 12"

C512 N/A N/A Footnote (2) N/A N/A

C522 N/A N/A Footnote (2) N/A N/A

C617 250/Bag 1000 12"

C622/C623 100/Bag 500 12"

C627/C628 100/Bag 500 12"

C630/C631 100/Bag 500 12"

C637/C638 50/Bag 500 12"

C640/C641 50/Bag 500 12"

C642/C643 50/Bag 500 12"

C647/C648 50/Bag 500 12"

C657/C658 50/Bag 500 12"

C667/C668 50/Bag 500 12"

CERAMIC PACKAGING

NOTE: (1) Standard packaging refers to number of pieces