July 2009 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 1/32
1
VND5025AK-E
Double channel high side driver with analog
current sense for automotive applications
Features
Main
In-rush current active management by
power limitation
Very low standby current
3.0V CMOS compatible input
Optimized electromagnetic emission
Very low electromagnetic susceptibility
In compliance with the 2002/95/EC
European directive
Package: ECOPACK®
Diagnostic functionsDoc ID 12581
Proportional load current sense
High current sense precision for wide range
currents
Current sense disable
Thermal shutdown indication
Very low current sense leakage
Protection
Undervoltage shut-down
Overvoltage clamp
Load current limitation
Self-limiting of fast thermal transients
Protection against loss of ground and loss
of VCC
Thermal shutdown
Reverse battery protection (see Application
schematic on page 21)
Electrostatic discharge protection
Application
All types of resistive, inductive and capacitive
loads
Suitable as LED driver
Description
The VND5025AK-E is a monolithic device made
using STMicroelectronics VIPower M0-5
technology, intended for driving resistive or
inductive loads with one side connected to
ground, and suitable for driving LEDs. Active VCC
pin voltage clamp protects the device against low
energy spikes (see ISO7637 transient
compatibility table). This device integrates an
analog current sense which delivers a current
proportional to the load current (according to a
known ratio) when CS_DIS is driven low or left
open. When CS_DIS is driven high, the
CURRENT SENSE pin is in a high impedance
condition. Output current limitation protects the
device in overload condition. In case of long
overload duration, the device limits the dissipated
power to safe level up to thermal shut-down
intervention. Thermal shut-down with automatic
restart allows the device to recover normal
operation as soon as fault condition disappears.
Max transient supply voltage VCC 41V
Operating voltage range VCC 4.5 to 36V
Max on-state resistance (per ch.) RON 25 mΩ
Current limitation (typ) ILIMH 41 A
Off-state supply current IS2 µA(1)
1. Typical value with all loads connected.
PowerSSO-24™
Table 1. Device summary
Package
Order codes
Tube Tape and reel
PowerSSO-24™ VND5025AK-E VND5025AKTR-E
www.st.com
Contents VND5025AK-E
2/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Contents
1 Block diagram and pin description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
2 Electrical specification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.1 Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
2.2 Thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
2.3 Electrical characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
2.4 Electrical characteristics curves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
3 Application information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.1 GND protection network against reverse battery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.1.1 Solution 1: resistor in the ground line (RGND only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3.1.2 Solution 2: diode (DGND) in the ground line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.2 Load dump protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.3 MCU I/Os protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
3.4 Maximum demagnetization energy (VCC = 13.5V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
4 Package and thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
4.1 PowerSSO-24™ thermal data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
5 Package and packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.1 ECOPACK® packages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.2 Package mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
5.3 Packing information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
6 Revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
VND5025AK-E List of tables
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 3/32
List of tables
Table 1. Device summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Table 2. Pin functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Table 3. Suggested connections for unused and not connected pins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Table 4. Absolute maximum ratings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Table 5. Thermal data. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Table 6. Power section . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Table 7. Switching (VCC = 13V; Tj = 25°C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Table 8. Logic input . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Table 9. Protection and diagnostics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Table 10. Current sense (8V < VCC < 16V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Table 11. Truth table. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Table 12. Electrical transient requirements (part 1/3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Table 13. Electrical transient requirements (part 2/3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Table 14. Electrical transient requirements (part 3/3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Table 15. Thermal parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
Table 16. PowerSSO-24™ mechanical data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Table 17. Document revision history . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
List of figures VND5025AK-E
4/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
List of figures
Figure 1. Block diagram . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Figure 2. Configuration diagram (top view) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6
Figure 3. Current and voltage conventions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Figure 4. Current sense delay characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Figure 5. Delay response time between rising edge of output current and rising edge of Current Sense
(CS enabled). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 6. Switching characteristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Figure 7. IOUT/ISENSE vs IOUT (1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 8. Maximum current sense ratio drift vs load current(1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Figure 9. Output voltage drop limitation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Figure 10. Waveforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Figure 11. Off-state output current. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 12. High level input current . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 13. Input clamp voltage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 14. Input high level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 15. Input low level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 16. Input hysteresis voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Figure 17. On-state resistance vs Tcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 18. On-state resistance vs VCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 19. Undervoltage shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 20. ILIMH vs Tcase . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 21. Turn-on voltage slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 22. Turn-off voltage slope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Figure 23. CS_DIS high level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 24. CS_DIS low level voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 25. CS_DIS clamp voltage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Figure 26. Application schematic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Figure 27. Maximum turn-off current versus inductance (for each channel) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Figure 28. PowerSSO-24™ PC board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Figure 29. Rthj-amb vs PCB copper area in open box free air condition (one channel ON) . . . . . . . . 24
Figure 30. PowerSSO-24™ thermal impedance junction to ambient single pulse (one channel ON) . 25
Figure 31. Thermal fitting model of a double channel HSD in PowerSSO-24™(1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Figure 32. PowerSSO-24™ package dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
Figure 33. PowerSSO-24™ tube shipment (no suffix) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Figure 34. PowerSSO-24™ tape and reel shipment (suffix “TR”) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
VND5025AK-E Block diagram and pin description
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 5/32
1 Block diagram and pin description
Figure 1. Block diagram
Table 2. Pin functions
Name Function
VCC Battery connection.
OUTPUT1,2 Power output.
GND Ground connection; must be reverse battery protected by an external
diode/resistor network.
INPUT1,2
Voltage controlled input pin with hysteresis, CMOS compatible; controls
output switch state.
CURRENT SENSE1,2
Analog current sense pin; delivers a current proportional to the load
current.
CS_DIS Active high CMOS compatible pin to disable the current sense pin.
LOGIC
UNDERVOLTAGE
OVERTEMP. 1
ILIM 1
PwCLAMP 1
IOUT1
GND
INPUT1
OUTPUT1
CURRENT
SENSE1
DRIVER 1
VCC
CLAMP
VDSLIM 1
ILIM 2
PwCLAMP 2
DRIVER 2
VDSLIM 2
OVERTEMP. 2
IOUT2
OUTPUT2
CURRENT
SENSE2
CS_DIS
K 2
INPUT2
PwrLIM 1
PwrLIM 2
K 1
Vcc
Block diagram and pin description VND5025AK-E
6/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Figure 2. Configuration diagram (top view)
Table 3. Suggested connections for unused and not connected pins
Connection / pin Current sense N.C. Output Input CS_DIS
Floating N.R.(1)
1. Not recommended.
XX X X
To Ground Through 1kΩ resistor X N.R. Through 10kΩ
resistor
Through 10kΩ
resistor
1
2
3
4
5
6
N.C.
INPUT1
GND
VCC
N.C.
INPUT2
7
8
9
10
11
12
CS_DIS.
VCC
CURRENT SENSE1
N.C.
N.C.
CURRENT SENSE2
24
23
22
21
20
19
OUTPUT2
OUTPUT2
OUTPUT2
OUTPUT2
OUTPUT2
OUTPUT2
18
17
16
15
14
13
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT1
OUTPUT1
TAB = V
CC
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 7/32
2 Electrical specification
Figure 3. Current and voltage conventions
Note: VFn = VOUTn - VCC during reverse battery condition.
2.1 Absolute maximum ratings
Stressing the device above the rating listed in the “Absolute maximum ratings” table may
cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings only and operation of the
device at these or any other conditions above those indicated in the Operating sections of
this specification is not implied. Exposure to the conditions in table below for extended
periods may affect device reliability. Refer also to the STMicroelectronics SURE Program
and other relevant quality document.
V
F
I
S
I
GND
V
CC
V
CC
V
SENSE2
OUTPUT1
I
OUT1
CURRENT
I
SENSE1
INPUT1
I
IN1
V
IN2
V
OUT2
GND
CS_DIS
I
CSD
V
CSD
INPUT2
I
IN2
V
IN1
SENSE1
OUTPUT2
I
OUT2
CURRENT
I
SENSE2
SENSE2
V
SENSE1
V
OUT1
Table 4. Absolute maximum ratings
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
VCC DC supply voltage 41 V
-VCC Reverse DC supply voltage 0.3
-IGND DC reverse ground pin current 200 mA
IOUT DC output current Internally limited A
- IOUT Reverse DC output current 24
IIN DC input current -1 to 10 mAICSD DC current sense disable input current
-ICSENSE DC reverse CS pin current 200
VCSENSE Current sense maximum voltage VCC - 41 to +VCC V
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
8/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
2.2 Thermal data
EMAX
Maximum switching energy (single pulse)
(L = 0.8mH; RL=0Ω; Vbat = 13.5V; Tjstart = 150°C;
IOUT = IlimL(Typ.))
140 mJ
VESD
Electrostatic discharge
(Human Body Model: R = 1.5kΩ; C = 100pF)
- Input
- Current sense
- CS_DIS
- Output
- VCC
4000
2000
4000
5000
5000
V
V
V
V
V
VESD Charge device model (CDM-AEC-Q100-011) 750 V
TjJunction operating temperature -40 to 150 °C
Tstg Storage temperature -55 to 150
Table 4. Absolute maximum ratings (continued)
Symbol Parameter Value Unit
Table 5. Thermal data
Symbol Parameter Max Value Unit
Rthj-case Thermal resistance junction-case (MAX) (with one channel ON) 1.35 °C/W
Rthj-amb Thermal resistance junction-ambient (MAX) See Figure 29
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 9/32
2.3 Electrical characteristics
8V<VCC<36V; -40°C<Tj<150°C, unless otherwise specified.
Table 6. Power section
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit
VCC Operating supply voltage 4.5 13 36
V
VUSD Undervoltage shutdown 3.5 4.5
VUSDhyst
Undervoltage shut-down
hysteresis 0.5
RON On-state resistance(1)
1. For each channel.
IOUT =3A; T
j=25°C 25
mΩIOUT =3A; T
j=150°C 50
IOUT =3A; V
CC =5V; T
j=25°C 35
Vclamp Clamp voltage IS= 20 mA 41 46 52 V
ISSupply current
Off-state; VCC = 13V; Tj=25°C;
VIN =V
OUT =V
SENSE =V
CSD =0V 2(2)
2. PowerMOS leakage included.
5(2) µA
On-state; VCC = 13V;
VIN =5V; I
OUT =0A 36mA
IL(off) Off-state output current(1)
VIN =V
OUT =0V;
VCC =13V; T
j= 25°C 00.01 3
µA
VIN =V
OUT =0V;
VCC =13V; T
j= 125°C 05
VF
Output - VCC diode
voltage(1) -IOUT =4A; T
j= 150°C 0.7 V
Table 7. Switching (VCC =13V; T
j= 25°C)
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit
td(on) Turn-on delay time RL=4.3Ω
(see Figure 6)
35
µs
td(off) Turn-off delay time 50
(dVOUT/dt)on Turn-on voltage slope
RL=4.3Ω
See Figure 21
V/µs
(dVOUT/dt)off Turn-off voltage slope See Figure 22
WON
Switching energy losses
during tWON RL=4.3Ω
(see Figure 6)
0.45
mJ
WOFF
Switching energy losses
during tWOFF
0.35
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
10/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Table 8. Logic input
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit
VIL Input low level voltage 0.9 V
IIL Low level input current VIN =0.9V 1 µA
VIH Input high level voltage 2.1 V
IIH High level input current VIN =2.1V 10 µA
VI(hyst) Input hysteresis voltage 0.25
VVICL Input clamp voltage IIN =1mA 5.5 7
IIN = -1mA -0.7
VCSDL CS_DIS low level voltage 0.9
ICSDL Low level CS_DIS current VCSD =0.9V 1 µA
VCSDH CS_DIS high level voltage 2.1 V
ICSDH High level CS_DIS current VCSD =2.1V 10 µA
VCSD(hyst) CS_DIS hysteresis voltage 0.25
V
VCSCL CS_DIS clamp voltage ICSD =1mA 5.5 7
ICSD = -1mA -0.7
Table 9. Protection and diagnostics(1)
1. To ensure long term reliability under heavy overload or short circuit conditions, protection and related
diagnostic signals must be used together with a proper software strategy. If the device is subjected to
abnormal conditions, this software must limit the duration and number of activation cycles.
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit
ILIMH DC short circuit current VCC = 13V 29 41 57
A
5V < VCC < 36V
ILIML
Short circuit current
during thermal cycling
VCC = 13V;
TR<T
j<T
TSD
16
TTSD Shutdown temperature 150 175 200
°C
TRReset temperature TRS +1 T
RS +5
TRS Thermal reset of STATUS 135
THYST
Thermal hysteresis
(TTSD-TR)7
VDEMAG
Turn-off output voltage
clamp
IOUT =2A;
VIN =0;
L=6mH
VCC -41 V
CC -46 V
CC -52 V
VON
Output voltage drop
limitation
IOUT = 0.20.1A;
Tj= -40°C to +150°C
(see Figure 9)
25 mV
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 11/32
Table 10. Current sense (8V < VCC <16V)
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit
KLED IOUT/ISENSE
IOUT = 0.05A; VSENSE =0.5V; V
CSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C 1450 3300 5180
K0IOUT/ISENSE
IOUT = 0.5 A; VSENSE =0.5V; V
CSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C 1720 3020 4360
dK0/K0(1) Current Sense
ratio drift
IOUT =0.5A; V
SENSE =0.5V; V
CSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C -12 +12 %
K1IOUT/ISENSE
IOUT =2A; V
SENSE =4V;
VCSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C
Tj= 25°C to 150°C
1940
2230
2810
2810
3740
3390
dK1/K1(1)
Current Sense
ratio drift
IOUT =2A; V
SENSE =4V;
VCSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C
-10 +10 %
K2IOUT/ISENSE
IOUT =3A; V
SENSE =4V;
VCSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C
Tj= 25°C to150°C
2250
2400
2790
2790
3450
3180
dK2/K2(1) Current Sense
ratio drift
IOUT =3A; V
SENSE =4V; V
CSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C -7 +7 %
K3IOUT/ISENSE
IOUT =10A; V
SENSE =4V;
VCSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C
Tj= 25°C to 150°C
2610
2650
2760
2760
2970
2870
dK3/K3(1) Current Sense
ratio drift
IOUT =10A; V
SENSE =4V; V
CSD =0V;
Tj= -40°C to 150°C -4 +4 %
ISENSE0
Analog Sense
leakage current
IOUT =0A; V
SENSE =0V;
VCSD =5V; V
IN =0V; T
j= -40°C to 150°C
VCSD =0V; V
IN =5V; T
j= -40°C to 150°C
IOUT =2A; V
SENSE =0V;
VCSD =5V; V
IN =5V; T
j= -40°C to 150°C
0
0
0
1
2
1
µA
µA
µA
IOL
Openload on-
state current
detection
threshold
VIN = 5V, ISENSE= 5 µA 5 30 mA
VSENSE
Max analog
Sense output
voltage
IOUT =3 A; V
CSD =0V 5
V
VSENSEH
Analog Sense
output voltage in
over temperature
condition
VCC = 13V; RSENSE =3.9kΩ9
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
12/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Figure 4. Current sense delay characteristics
ISENSEH
Analog Sense
output current in
over temperature
condition
VCC = 13V; VSENSE =5V 8 mA
tDSENSE1H
Delay response
time from falling
edge of CS_DIS
pin
VSENSE <4V, 0.5<I
OUT <10A
ISENSE = 90% of ISENSEMAX
(see Figure 4)
50 100
µs
tDSENSE1L
Delay response
time from rising
edge of CS_DIS
pin
VSENSE <4V, 0.5<I
OUT <10A
ISENSE = 10% of ISENSEMAX
(see Figure 4)
5 20
tDSENSE2H
Delay response
time from rising
edge of INPUT
pin
VSENSE <4V, 0.5<I
OUT <10A
ISENSE = 90% of ISENSEMAX
(see Figure 4)
70 300
ΔtDSENSE2H
Delay response
time between
rising edge of
output current
and rising edge
of current sense
VSENSE <4V,
ISENSE = 90% of ISENSEMAX,
IOUT = 90% of IOUTMAX, IOUTMAX =3A
(see Figure 5)
200
tDSENSE2L
Delay response
time from falling
edge of INPUT
pin
VSENSE <4V, 0.5<I
OUT <10A
ISENSE = 10% of ISENSEMAX
(see Figure 4)
100 250
1. Parameter guaranteed by design; it is not tested.
Table 10. Current sense (8V < VCC < 16V) (continued)
Symbol Parameter Test conditions Min. Typ. Max. Unit
SENSE CURRENT
INPUT
LOAD CURRENT
CS_DIS
tDSENSE2H tDSENSE2L
tDSENSE1L tDSENSE1H
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 13/32
Figure 5. Delay response time between rising edge of output current and rising
edge of Current Sense (CS enabled)
Figure 6. Switching characteristics
V
IN
I
OUT
I
SENSE
I
OUTMAX
I
SENSEMAX
90% I
SENSEMAX
90% I
OUTMAX
Δ
t
DSENSE2H
t
t
t
V
OUT
dV
OUT
/dt
(on)
t
r
80%
10% t
f
dV
OUT
/dt
(off)
t
d(off)
t
d(on)
INPUT
t
t
90%
t
Won
t
Woff
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
14/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Figure 7. IOUT/ISENSE vs IOUT (1)
1. See Table 10 for details.
Figure 8. Maximum current sense ratio drift vs load current(1)
1. Parameter guaranteed by design; it is not tested.
1000
1500
2000
2500
3000
3500
4000
4500
246810
I
OUT
(A)
I
out
/ I
sense
max Tj = -40 °C to 150 °C
max Tj = 25 °C to 150 °C
min Tj = 25 °C to 150 °C
min Tj = -40 °C to 150 °C
typical value
-15
-10
-5
0
5
10
15
2345678910
I
OUT
(A)
dk/k(%)
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 15/32
Figure 9. Output voltage drop limitation
Table 11. Truth table
Conditions Input Output Sense (VCSD =0V)
(1)
1. If the VCSD is high, the SENSE output is at a high impedance; its potential depends on leakage currents
and external circuit.
Normal operation
LL 0
HH Nominal
Over temperature
L
L
0
HV
SENSEH
Undervoltage
L
L0
H
Short circuit to GND (RSC 10mΩ)
L
L
0
H
0 if Tj < TTSD
VSENSEH if Tj > TTSD
Short circuit to VCC
L
H
0
H < Nominal
Negative output voltage clamp L L 0
V
on
I
OUT
V
CC
-V
OUT
T
j
=150
o
CT
j
=25
o
C
T
j
=-40
o
C
V
on
/R
on(T)
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
16/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Table 12. Electrical transient requirements (part 1/3)
ISO 7637-2:
2004(E)
Test pulse
Test levels(1)
1. The above test levels must be considered referred to VCC = 13.5V except for pulse 5b.
Number of
pulses or
test times
Burst cycle/pulse
repetition time Delays and
Impedance
III IV Min. Max.
1 -75V -100V 5000 pulses 0.5s 5s 2 ms, 10Ω
2a +37V +50V 5000 pulses 0.2s 5s 50µs, 2Ω
3a -100V -150V 1h 90ms 100ms 0.1µs, 50Ω
3b +75V +100V 1h 90ms 100ms 0.1µs, 50Ω
4 -6V -7V 1 pulse 100ms, 0.01Ω
5b(2)
2. Valid in case of external load dump clamp: 40V maximum referred to ground.
+65V +87V 1 pulse 400ms, 2Ω
Table 13. Electrical transient requirements (part 2/3)
ISO 7637-2:
2004E
Test pulse
Test level results
III VI
1C C
2a C C
3a C C
3b C C
4C C
5b(1)
1. Valid in case of external load dump clamp: 40V maximum referred to ground.
CC
Table 14. Electrical transient requirements (part 3/3)
Class Contents
C All functions of the device performed as designed after exposure to disturbance.
EOne or more functions of the device did not perform as designed after exposure to
disturbance and cannot be returned to proper operation without replacing the device.
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 17/32
Figure 10. Waveforms
SENSE CURRENT
INPUT
NORMAL OPERATION
UNDERVOLTAGE
VCC
VUSD
VUSDhyst
INPUT
SENSE CURRENT
LOAD CURRENT
LOAD CURRENT
OVERLOAD OPERATION
INPUT
SENSE CURRENT
TTSD
TR
Tj
LOAD CURRENT
INPUT
LOAD VOLTAGE
SENSE CURRENT
LOAD CURRENT
< Nominal < Nominal
SHORT TO VCC
CS_DIS
CS_DIS
CS_DIS
CS_DIS
TRS
ILIMH
ILIML
VSENSEH
Thermal cycling
Power
limitation
Current
limitation
SHORTED LOAD NORMAL LOAD
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
18/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
2.4 Electrical characteristics curves
Figure 11. Off-state output current Figure 12. High level input current
Figure 13. Input clamp voltage Figure 14. Input high level
Figure 15. Input low level Figure 16. Input hysteresis voltage
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( °C )
0
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4
0.45
0.5
Iloff (uA)
Off State
Vcc=13V
Vin=Vout=0V
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( °C )
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
Iih(uA)
Vin=2.1V
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( °C )
5
5.25
5.5
5.75
6
6.25
6.5
6.75
7
Vicl (V)
Iin=1mA
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C)
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
Vih (V)
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc (° C )
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
Vil (V)
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C )
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9
1
Vhyst (V)
VND5025AK-E Electrical specification
Doc ID 12581 Rev 10 19/32
Figure 17. On-state resistance vs Tcase Figure 18. On-state resistance vs VCC
Figure 19. Undervoltage shutdown Figure 20. ILIMH vs Tcase
Figure 21. Turn-on voltage slope Figure 22. Turn-off voltage slope
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc (°C)
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Ron (mOhm)
Iout=3A
Vcc=13V
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Vcc (V)
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
Ron (mOhm)
Tc= -40°C
Tc= 25°C
Tc= 125°C
Tc=150°C
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C )
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
Vusd (V)
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc (°C)
0
10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
Ilimh (A)
Vcc=13V
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C)
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
(dVout/dt)on (V/ms)
Vcc=13V
Rl=4.3Ohm
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C)
0
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
(dVout/dt)off (V/ms)
Vcc=13V
Rl=4.3Ohm
Electrical specification VND5025AK-E
20/32 Doc ID 12581 Rev 10
Figure 23. CS_DIS high level voltage Figure 24. CS_DIS low level voltage
Figure 25. CS_DIS clamp voltage
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C )
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
Vcsdh (V)
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C)
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
Vcsdl (V)
-50 -25 0 25 50 75 100 125 150 175
Tc ( ° C )
4
4.5
5
5.5
6
6.5
7
7.5
8
Vcsdcl (V)
Icsd=1mA