1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
VCC
DRV
GND
ZCD
VO_SNS
COMP
MULTIN
CS
UCC28051
CBULK
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
STATUS
OVP
VDD
OUT
SS
FB
CS
GND
UCC28600
CSS
CBP RPL
RSU
RCS
CVDD
Primary Secondary
TL431
Feedback
ROVP2
ROVP1
18 V
CB
NPNS
NB
M1
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
8-PIN QUASI-RESONANT FLYBACK GREEN-MODE CONTROLLER
Check for Samples: UCC28600-Q1
1FEATURES .
2 Qualified for Automotive Applications APPLICATIONS
Green-Mode Controller With Advanced Energy Bias Supplies for LCD-Monitors, LCD-TV,
Saving Features PDP-TV, and Set Top Boxes
Quasi-Resonant Mode Operation for Reduced AC/DC Adapters and Offline Battery Chargers
EMI and Low Switching Losses (Low Voltage Energy Efficient Power Supplies up to 200 W
Switching)
Low Standby Current for System No-Load DESCRIPTION
Power Consumption The UCC28600-Q1 is a PWM controller with
Low Startup Current: 25 mA Maximum advanced energy features to meet stringent
Programmable Overvoltage Protection, Line world-wide energy efficiency requirements.
and Load UCC28600-Q1 integrates built-in advanced energy
Internal Overtemperature Protection saving features with high level protection features to
Current Limit Protection provide cost effective solutions for energy efficient
power supplies. UCC28600-Q1 incorporates
Cycle-by-Cycle Power Limit frequency fold back and green mode operation to
Primary-Side Overcurrent Hiccup Restart reduce the operation frequency at light load and no
Mode load operations.
1-A Sink TrueDrive™, -0.75-A Source Gate UCC28600-Q1 is offered in the 8-pin SOIC (D)
Drive Output package. Operating ambient temperature range is
Programmable Soft-Start -40°C to 105°C.
Green-Mode Status Pin (PFC Disable Function)
.
TYPICAL APPLICATION
1Please be aware that an important notice concerning availability, standard warranty, and use in critical applications of Texas
Instruments semiconductor products and disclaimers thereto appears at the end of this data sheet.
2TrueDrive is a trademark of Texas Instruments.
PRODUCTION DATA information is current as of publication date. Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Products conform to specifications per the terms of the Texas
Instruments standard warranty. Production processing does not
necessarily include testing of all parameters.
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
DESCRIPTION (CONT.)
The Design Calculator, (Texas Instruments Literature number SLVC104), located in the Tools and Software
section of the UCC28600-Q1 product folder, provides a user-interactive iterative process for selecting
recommended component values for an optimal design.
ORDERING INFORMATION
TAPACKAGE ORDERABLE PART NUMBER TOP-SIDE MARKING
-40°C to 105°C SOIC D Tape and reel UCC28600TDRQ1 28600T
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
over operating free-air temperature range unless otherwise noted(1)
UCC28600-Q1 UNIT
VDD Supply voltage range IDD < 20 mA 32 V
IDD Supply current 20 mA
IOUT(sink) Output sink current (peak) 1.2 A
IOUT(source) Output source current (peak) -0.8
Analog inputs FB, CS, SS -0.3 to 6.0 V
VOVP -1.0 to 6.0
IOVP(source) -1.0 mA
VSTATUS VDD = 0 V to 30 V 30 V
Power dissipation SOIC-8 package, TA= 25°C 650 mW
TJOperating junction temperature range -40 to 125
Tstg Storage temperature –65 to 150 °C
TLEAD Lead temperature 1,6 mm (1/16 inch) from case for 10 seconds 300
(1) Stresses beyond those listed under “absolute maximum ratings” may cause permanent damage to the device. These are stress ratings
only, and functional operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated under “recommended operating
conditions” is not implied. Exposure to absolute-maximum-rated conditions for extended periods may affect device reliability. All voltages
are with respect to GND. Currents are positive into, negative out of the specified terminal. Consult Packaging Section of the databook
for thermal limitations and considerations of packages.
RECOMMENDED OPERATING CONDITIONS MIN NOM MAX UNIT
VDD Input voltage 21 V
IOUT Output sink current 0 A
TAAmbient temperature range -40 105 °C
TJOperating junction temperature range -40 125 °C
ELECTROSTATIC DISCHARGE (ESD) PROTECTION MIN MAX UNIT
Human Body Model 1500 V
Charged-Device Model 1000
Machine Model 150 V
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Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
VDD = 15 V, 0.1-mF capacitor from VDD to GND, 3.3-nF capacitor from SS to GND charged over 3.5 V, 500-resistor from
OVP to -0.1 V, FB = 4.8 V, STATUS = not connected, 1-nF capacitor from OUT to GND, CS = GND, TA= -40°C to 105°C,
(unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Overall
ISTARTUP Startup current VDD = VUVLO -0.3 V 12 25 mA
ISTANDBY Standby current VFB = 0 V 350 550
Not switching 2.5 3.5
IDD Operating current mA
130 kHz, QR mode 5.0 7.0
VDD clamp FB = GND, IDD = 10 mA 21 26 32 V
Undervoltage Lockout
VDD(uvlo) Startup threshold 10.3 13.0 15.3
Stop threshold 6.3 8 9.3 V
ΔVDD(uvlo) Hysteresis 4.0 5.0 6.0
PWM (Ramp)(1)
DMIN Minimum duty cycle VSS = GND, VFB = 2 V 0%
DMAX Maximum duty cycle QR mode, fS= max, (open loop) 99%
Oscillator (OSC)
fQR(max) Maximum QR and DCM frequency 114 130 145
fQR(min) Minimum QR and FFM frequency VFB = 1.3 V 32 40 48 kHz
fSS Soft start frequency VSS = 2.0 V 32 40 48
dTS/dFB VCO gain TSfor 1.6 V < VFB < 1.8 V -38 -30 -22 ms/V
Feedback (FB)
RFB Feedback pullup resistor 12 20 28 k
VFB FB, no load QR mode 3.30 4.87 6.00
Green-mode ON threshold VFB threshold 0.3 0.5 0.7
Green-mode OFF threshold VFB threshold 1.2 1.4 1.6
Green-mode hysteresis VFB threshold 0.7 0.9 1.1 V
FB threshold burst-ON VFB during green mode 0.3 0.5 0.7
FB threshold burst-OFF VFB during green mode 0.5 0.7 0.9
Burst Hysteresis VFB during green mode 0.13 0.25 0.42
Status
RDS(on) STATUS on resistance VSTATUS = 1 V 1.0 2.4 3.8 k
ISTATUS(leakage) STATUS leakage/off current VFB = 0.44 V, VSTATUS = 15 V -0.1 2.0 mA
(1) RSCT and CCST are not connected in the circuit for maximum and minimum duty cycle tests, current sense tests and power limit tests.
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 3
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
VDD = 15 V, 0.1-mF capacitor from VDD to GND, 3.3-nF capacitor from SS to GND charged over 3.5 V, 500-resistor from
OVP to -0.1 V, FB = 4.8 V, STATUS = not connected, 1-nF capacitor from OUT to GND, CS = GND, TA= -40°C to 105°C,
(unless otherwise noted)
PARAMETER TEST CONDITIONS MIN TYP MAX UNIT
Current Sense (CS)(2)
ACS(FB) Gain, FB = ΔVFB /ΔVCS QR mode 2.5 V/V
Shutdown threshold VFB = 2.4 V, VSS = 0 V 1.13 1.25 1.38 V
CS to output delay time (power limit) CS = 1.0 VPULSE 100 175 300 ns
CS to output delay time (over current CS = 1.45 VPULSE 50 100 150
fault)
CS discharge impedance CS = 0.1 V, VSS = 0 V 25 115 250
VCS(os) CS offset SS mode, VSS 2.0 V, via FB 0.35 0.40 0.45 V
Power Limit (PL)(2)
IPL(cs) CS current OVP = -300 mA -165 -150 -135 mA
CS working range QR mode, peak CS voltage 0.70 0.81 0.92 V
VPL PL threshold Peak CS voltage + CS offset 1.05 1.20 1.37
Soft Start (SS)
ISS(chg) Softstart charge current VSS = GND -9.0 -6.0 -4.5 mA
ISS(dis) Softstart discharge current VSS = 0.5 V 2.0 5.0 10 mA
VSS Switching ON threshold Output switching start 0.8 1.0 1.2 V
Overvoltage Protection (OVP)
IOVP(line) Line overvoltage protection IOVP threshold, OUT = HI -512 -450 -370 mA
VFB = 4.8 V, VSS = 5.0 V, IOVP(on), = -300
VOVP(on) OVP voltage at OUT = HIGH -125 -25 mV
mA
VOVP(load) Load overvoltage protection VOVP threshold, OUT = LO 3.37 3.75 4.13 V
Valley detect delay 300 550 800 ns
Thermal Protection (TSP)
Thermal shutdown (TSP) temperature(3) 130 140 150 °C
Thermal shutdown hysteresis 15
OUT
tRISE Rise time 10% to 90% of 13 V typical out clamp 50 75 ns
tFALL Fall time 10 20
(2) RSCT and CCST are not connected in the circuit for maximum and minimum duty cycle tests, current sense tests and power limit tests.
(3) Ensured by design. Not production tested.
4Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
STATUS
GND
VFB
VCS
VOVP
VOUT
VDD
IDD
IOVP
ROVP
500
COUT
1.0 nF
ROUT
10
CBIAS 1 µF
CDD 100 nF
ICS
CFB
47 pF
CSS
3.3 nF
CCST
560 pF
See Note
RCST
37.4 k
See Note SS
VDD
GND OUT
FB
CS
OVP
STATUS
UCC28600
+
1
2
3
4 5
6
7
8
5 V
2
1
6
5.0
VREF
SS
VDD
4GND
5OUT
FB
1.5R
8
3
CS
UVLO +
CBULK
Feedback 20kW
CSS
7
OVP
On-Chip
Thermal
Shutdown
REF
26V
R
STATUS
13/8V
RCS
ROVP1
ROVP2
CVDD
+
400mV
REF
RSU
+Q
Q
SET
CLR
D
REF
GAIN=1/2.5
+
Modulation
Comparison
UCC28600
FaultLogic
LINE_OVP
LOAD_OVP
REF_OK
RUN
UVLO
CS
OVR_T
STATUS
SS_DIS
GREENMODE
FB_CLAMP
OSC_CL
FB
QRDETECT
LOAD_OVP
LINE_OVP
QR_DONE
____
OUT
CS
OSCILLATOR
QR_DONE
CLK
RUN
SS_OVR
OSC_CL
RPL
PL
1.2V
SS_OVR BURST BURST
RVDD
VDD
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
OPEN LOOP TEST CIRCUIT
NOTE
RCST and CCST are not connected for maximum and minimum duty cycle tests, current
sense tests and power limit tests.
BLOCK DIAGRAM/TYPICAL APPLICATION
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 5
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
1
2
3
4
8
7
6
5
SS
FB
CS
GND
STATUS
OVP
VDD
OUT
UCC28600
D PACKAGE
(TOP VIEW)
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
ORDERING INFORMATION
TAPACKAGES PART NUMBER
-40°C to 105°C SOIC (D)(1) UCC28600-Q1D
(1) SOIC (D) package is available taped and reeled by adding “R” to the above part numbers. Reeled quantities for UCC28600-Q1DR is
2,500 devices per reel.
DEVICE INFORMATION
TERMINAL FUNCTIONS
TERMINAL I/O DESCRIPTION
NAME NO.
Current sense input. Also programs power limit, and used to control modulation and activate overcurrent
CS 3 I protection. The CS voltage input originates across a current sense resistor and ground. Power limit is
programmed with an effective series resistance between this pin and the current sense resistor.
Feedback input or control input from the optocoupler to the PWM comparator used to control the peak current
in the power MOSFET. An internal 20-kresistor is between this pin and the internal 5-V regulated voltage.
FB 2 I Connect the collector of the photo-transistor of the feedback optocoupler directly to this pin; connect the emitter
of the photo-transistor to GND. The voltage of this pin controls the mode of operation in one of the three
modes: quasi resonant (QR), frequency foldback mode (FFM) and green mode (GM).
Ground for internal circuitry. Connect a ceramic 0.1-mF bypass capacitor between VDD and GND, with the
GND 4 - capacitor as close to these two pins as possible.
1-A sink (TrueDrive™ ) and 0.75-A source gate drive output. This output drives the power MOSFET and
OUT 5 O switches between GND and the lower of VDD or the 13-V internal output clamp.
Over voltage protection (OVP) input senses line-OVP, load-OVP and the resonant trough for QR turn-on.
OVP 7 I Detect line, load and resonant conditions using the primary bias winding of the transformer, adjust sensitivity
with resistors connected to this pin.
Soft-start programming pin. Program the soft-start rate with a capacitor to ground; the rate is determined by the
capacitance and the internal soft-start charge current. Placement of the soft-start capacitor is critical and should
SS 1 I be placed as close as possible to the SS pin and GND, keeping trace length to a minimum. All faults discharge
the SS pin to GND through an internal MOSFET with an RDS(on) of approximately 100 . The internal modulator
comparator reacts to the lowest of the SS voltage, the internal FB voltage and the peak current limit.
ACTIVE HIGH open drain signal that indicates the device has entered standby mode. This pin can be used to
STATUS 8 O disable the PFC control circuit (high impedance = green mode). STATUS pin is high during UVLO, (VDD <
startup threshold), and softstart, (SS < FB).
Provides power to the device. Use a ceramic 0.1-mF by-pass capacitor for high-frequency filtering of the VDD
VDD 6 I pin, as described in the GND pin description. Operating energy is usually delivered from auxiliary winding. To
prevent hiccup operation during start-up, a larger energy storage cap is also needed between VDD and GND.
6Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
RCS +ǒVPL *VCS(os)ǓǒICS(2) *ICS(1)Ǔ
ICS(2)IP(1) *ICS(1)IP(2)
RPL +ǒVPL *VCS(os)ǓǒIP(2) *IP(1)Ǔ
ICS(1)IP(2) *ICS(2)IP(1)
ROVP1 +1
IOVP(line)ǒNB
NPVBULK(ov)Ǔ
ROVP2 +ROVP1
ȧ
ȧ
ȡ
Ȣ
VOVP(load)
NB
NSǒVOUT(shutdown) )VFǓ*VOVP(load)
ȧ
ȧ
ȣ
Ȥ
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
TERMINAL COMPONENTS
TERMINAL I/O DESCRIPTION(1) (2) (3)
NAME NO.
(1)
CS 3 I
where:
IP1 is the peak primary current at low line, full load (3)
IP2 is the peak primary current at high line, full load(3)
ICS1 is the power limit current that is sourced at the CS pin at low-line voltage(3)
ICS2 is the power limit current that is sourced at the CS pin at high-line voltage(3)
VPL is the Power Limit (PL) threshold(2)
VCS(os) is the CS offset voltage(2)
FB 2 I Opto-isolator collector
GND 4 - Bypass capacitor to VDD, CBP = 0.1 mF
OUT 5 O Power MOSFET gate
OVP 7 I where:
IOVP(line) is OVPline current threshold(2)
VBULK(ov) is the allowed input over- voltage level (3)
VOVP(load) is OVPload (2)
VOUT(shutdown) is the allowed output over-voltage level(3)
VFis the forward voltage of the secondary rectifier
NBis the number of turns on the bias winding(3)
NSis the number of turns on the secondary windings(3)
NPis the number of turns on the primary windings(3)
(1) Refer to Figure 1 for all reference designators in the Terminal Components Table.
(2) Refer to the Electrical Characteristics Table for constant parameters.
(3) Refer to the UCC28600-Q1 Design Calculator (TI Literature Number SLVC104) or laboratory measurements for currents, voltages and
times in the operational circuit.
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 7
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
tSS(min) +ȧ
ȧ
ȱ
Ȳ
*RLOAD(ss)COUT
2ȏn
ȧ
ȡ
Ȣ
1*ǒVOUT *DVOUT(step)Ǔ2
RLOAD(ss)POUT(max)limitȧ
ȣ
Ȥ
ȧ
ȧ
ȳ
ȴ
tSS(min) +ȧ
ȱ
Ȳ
COUTVOUT2
2 PLIM ȧ
ȳ
ȴ
RST2 +VBE(off)
ISTATUS(leakage)
RST1 +
RST2 ƪVDD(uvlo*on) *VBE(sat) *RDS(on) ǒICC
bsatǓƫ*RDS(on)VBE(sat)
ǒǒICC
bsatǓ RST2Ǔ)VBE(sat)
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
TERMINAL COMPONENTS (continued)
TERMINAL I/O DESCRIPTION(1) (2) (3)
NAME NO.
where tSS(min) is the greater of:
or
SS 1 I
(2)
RLOAD(ss) is the effective load impedance during soft-start(4)
ΔVOUT(step) is the allowed change in VOUT due to a load step(4)
POUT(max limit) Programmed power limit level, in W (4)
ACS(FB) is the current sense gain(5)
VCS(os) is the CS offset voltage(5)
ISS is the soft-start charging current(5)
VPL is the power limit threshold(5)
STATUS 8 O
where:
bSAT is the gain of transistor QST in saturation
VBE(sat) is the base-emitter voltage of transistor QST in saturation
VDD(uvlo-on) is the startup threshold(5)
ICC is the collector current of QST
ISTATUS(leakage) is the maximum leakage/off current of the STATUS pin(5)
VBE(off) is the maximum allowable voltage across the base emitter junction that will not turn QST on
RDS(on) is the RDS(on) of STATUS(5)
(4) Refer to the UCC28600-Q1 Design Calculator (TI Literature Number SLVC104) or laboratory measurements for currents, voltages and
times in the operational circuit.
(5) Refer to the Electrical Characteristics Table for constant parameters.
8Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
CVDD +ƪǒIDD )CISSVOUT(hi)fQR(max)ǓTBURST
DVDD(burst)ƫ
CVDD +ƪǒIDD )CISSVOUT(hi)fQR(max)ǓtSS
DVDD(uvlo)ƫ
RVDD +ǒp
4ǓǒNB
NPǓȧ
ȡ
Ȣ
ǒVDS1(os) fQR(max) LLEAKAGEǒCD)CSNUBǓ
Ǹ
IDD )CISS VOUT(hi) fQR(max) ȧ
ȣ
Ȥ
RSU +VBULK(min)
ISTARTUP
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
TERMINAL COMPONENTS (continued)
TERMINAL I/O DESCRIPTION(1) (2) (3)
NAME NO.
CVDD is the greater of:
or
(3)
VDD 6 I
where:
IDD is the operating current of the UCC28600-Q1(6)
CISS is the input capacitance of MOSFET M1
VOUT(hi) is VOH of the OUT pin, either 13 V (typ) VOUT clamp or less as measured
fQR(max) is fSat high line, maximum load(6)
TBURST is the measured burst mode period
ΔVDD(burst) is the allowed VDD ripple during burst mode
ΔVDD(uvlo) is the UVLO hysteresis(6)
VDS1(os) is the amount of drain-source overshoot voltage
LLEAKAGE is the leakage inductance of the primary winding
CDis the total drain node capacitance of MOSFET M1
ISTARTUP is IDD start-up current of the UCC28600-Q1(6)
CSNUB is the snubber capacitor value
tSS is the soft start charge time(7)
(6) Refer to the Electrical Characteristics Table for constant parameters.
(7) Refer to the UCC28600-Q1 Design Calculator (TI Literature Number SLVC104) or laboratory measurements for currents, voltages and
times in the operational circuit.
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 9
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
CBULK
FEEDBACK
CSS
RCS
ROVP1
ROVP2
CVDD
RSU
RPL
TL431
2
1
6
SS
VDD
4 GND 5OUT
FB
8
3 CS
7OVP
STATUS
UCC28600
CBP
100nF
RST2
RST1
COUT
PRIMARY SECONDARY
N1
NB
N2VOUT
+
-
+
-
VBULK
ICC
RVDD
QST
ROUT
RSNUB CSNUB
M1
PFCOUTPUT
or
BRIDGERECTIFIER
PFC CONTROLLER BIAS
(ifused)
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
Figure 1. Pin Termination Schematic
10 Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
VFB
0.5V0.7V 1.4V 2.0V 4.0V 5.0V
GreenMode-ON,
Burst-OFF
Green Mode-OFF,
Burst-ON
Burst
Hysteresis
0V
GreenMode
Hysteresis
GreenMode
FFM
40kHz < fS< 130kHz
VFB Control Range Limit
InternalReference
QR Mode or DCM Mode
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
APPLICATION INFORMATION
Functional Description
The UCC28600-Q1 is a multi-mode controller, as illustrated in Figure 3 and Figure 4. The mode of operation
depends upon line and load conditions. Under all modes of operation, the UCC28600-Q1 terminates the OUT =
HI signal based on the switch current. Thus, the UCC28600-Q1 always operates in current mode control so that
the power MOSFET current is always limited.
Under normal operating conditions, the FB pin commands the operating mode of the UCC28600-Q1 at the
voltage thresholds shown in Figure 2. Soft-start and fault responses are the exception. Soft-start mode
hard-switch controls the converter at 40 kHz. The soft-start mode is latched-OFF when VFB becomes less than
VSS for the first time after UVLOON. The soft-start state cannot be recovered until after passing UVLOOFF, and
then, UVLOON.
At normal rated operating loads (from 100% to approximately 30% full rated power) the UCC28600-Q1 controls
the converter in quasi-resonant mode (QRM) or discontinuous conduction mode (DCM), where DCM operation is
at the clamped maximum switching frequency (130 kHz). For loads that are between approximately 30% and
10% full rated power, the converter operates in frequency foldback mode (FFM), where the peak switch current is
constant and the output voltage is regulated by modulating the switching frequency for a given and fixed VIN.
Effectively, operation in FFM results in the application of constant volt-seconds to the flyback transformer each
switching cycle. Voltage regulation in FFM is achieved by varying the switching frequency in the range from 130
kHz to 40 kHz. For extremely light loads (below approximately 10% full rated power), the converter is controlled
using bursts of 40-kHz pulses. Keep in mind that the aforementioned boundaries of steady-state operation are
approximate because they are subject to converter design parameters.
Refer to the typical applications block diagram for the electrical connections to implement the features.
Figure 2. Mode Control with FB Pin Voltage
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 11
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
START
VDD > 13V?
Soft Start
Monitor V FB
VFB > 2.0V1.4V < V FB < 2.0VV FB < 1.4V
Fixed V/s
Freq. Foldback
(Light Load)
Quasi-Resonant
Mode or DCM
(Normal Load)
VFB < 0.5V
VDD < 8V?
REF < 4V?
OVP = Logic High?
OT = Logic High?
OC = Logic High
RUN = Logic High
STATUS = Hi Z
Y
N
Y
Y
RUN = Logic Low
STATUS = Hi Z
Fixed V-sec
40kHz Burst
N
N
Fixed V/s
40kHz
Zero Pulses
STATUS = Hi Z
(In Green-Mode)
VFB > 1.2V?VFB > 1.5V?
STATUS = 0V
(In Run-Mode)
STATUS = 0V
(In Run-Mode)
STATUS = 0V
(In Run-Mode)
N
N
YY
RUN = Logic Low
Continuous Fault
Monitor
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
Figure 3. Control Flow Chart
12 Submit Documentation Feedback Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
fsw QR Mode
Switching
Frequency
Feedback
Voltage
Power Supply
Output Voltage
t
t
t
(40 kHz)
This mode applies bursts of
40kHz soft−start pulses to the
power MOSFET gate. The
average fsw is shown in this
operating mode.
DCM
(maximum fs)
IC Off Softstart Regular Operation Green Mode
Peak MOSFET
Current
t
Fixed Frequency
Status, pulled up
to VDD
t
Green Mode,
PFC bias OFF
Load Power
t
fMAX =
Oscillator Frequency
(130 kHz)
SS Mode
(Fixed fSW )
fSS
VFB
VOUT
VSTATUS
Load shown is slightly
less than overcurrent
threshold
POUT, (max)
POUT
fGRMODE_MX
(40 kHz)
fQR_MIN
Internally Limit-
ed to 40 kHz
Hysteretic
Transition into
Green Mode
Frequency
Foldback
(Valley Switching, VS) (VS) FFM, (VS) Green Mode
Burst Hysteresis
UCC28600-Q1
www.ti.com
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
Figure 4. Operation Mode Switching Frequencies
Copyright © 2010, Texas Instruments Incorporated Submit Documentation Feedback 13
Product Folder Link(s): UCC28600-Q1
OSC_CL
QR_DONE
4.0V
0.1V
SS_OVR
REF
S Q
QR CLK
130 kHz OSC
Clamp
Comparator
OSC Valley
Comparator
OSC Peak
Comparator
RUN
+
+
+
Oscillator
+
+
+FB_CL
OSC_CL
FB
1.4 V
2.0 V
450 k
450 k
100 k
100 k
Mode Clamps
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
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Details of the functional boxes in the Block Diagram/Typical Application drawing are shown in Figure 5,Figure 6,
Figure 7 and Figure 8. These figures conceptualize how the UCC28600-Q1 executes the command of the FB
voltage to have the responses that are shown in Figure 2,Figure 3 and Figure 4. The details of the functional
boxes also conceptualize the various fault detections and responses that are included in the UCC28600-Q1.
During all modes of operation, this controller operates in current mode control. This allows the UCC28600-Q1 to
monitor the FB voltage to determine and respond to the varying load levels such as heavy, light or ultra-light.
Quasi-resonant mode and DCM occurs for feedback voltages VFB between 2.0 V and 4.0 V, respectively. In turn,
the CS voltage is commanded to be between 0.4 V and 0.8 V. A cycle-by-cycle power limit imposes a fixed 0.8-V
limit on the CS voltage. An overcurrent shutdown threshold in the fault logic gives added protection against
high-current, slew-rate shorted winding faults, shown in Figure 8. The power limit feature in the QR DETECT
circuit of Figure 7 adds an offset to the CS signal that is proportional to the line voltage. The power limit feature is
programmed with RPL, as shown in the typical applications diagram.
Figure 5. Oscillator Details
Figure 6. Mode Clamp Details
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RSU
ROVP2
CIN
CVDD ROVP1
Auxiliary
Winding
+
+
+
+
7
Slope
+
0.1 V
0.1 V
-0.1 V
REF (5 V)
1 kW
3.75 V
0.45 V
QR_DONE
(Oscillator)
LOAD_OVP
(Fault Logic)
LINE_OVP
(Fault Logic)
REF (5 V)
3CS
OVP
VDD
OUT (From Driver)
UCC28600
RPL1
CS
RCS
Power Limit
Offset
ILINE
Burst
(from FAULT logic)
01
+
QR Detect
ILINE
ILINE
2
COUT
RPL2
NS
NP
NB
UCC28600-Q1
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SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
Figure 7. QR Detect Details
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S Q
QR
REF
D Q
Q
CLR
SET
Power−Up Reset
Thermal
Shutdown
+
+
1.25 V
+
SS/DIS
RUN
3 CS
OVR_T
LINE_OVP
(QR Detect)
LOAD_OVP
(QR Detect)
UVLO
REF_OK
Burst
REF
(5 V)
FB
7
FB
CS
SS_OVR
STATUS8
UCC28600
BURST
Over−Current
Shutdown
20 k
Fault Logic
0.5 V/0.7 V
0.5 V/1.4 V
UCC28600-Q1
SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
www.ti.com
Figure 8. Fault Logic Details
Quasi-Resonant / DCM Control
Quasi-resonant (QR) and DCM operation occur for feedback voltages VFB between 2.0 V and 4.0 V. In turn, the
peak CS voltage is commanded to be between 0.4 V and 0.8 V. During this control mode, the rising edge of OUT
always occurs at the valley of the resonant ring after demagnetization. Resonant valley switching is an integral
part of QR operation. Resonant valley switching is also imposed if the system operates at the maximum
switching frequency clamp. In other words, the frequency varies in DCM operation in order to have the switching
event occur on the first resonant valley that occurs after a 7.7-ms (130-kHz) interval. Notice that the CS pin has
an internal dependent current source, 1/2 ILINE. This current source is part of the cycle-by-cycle power limit
function that is discussed in the Protection Features section.
Frequency Foldback Mode Control
Frequency foldback mode uses elements of the FAULT LOGIC, shown in Figure 8 and the mode clamp circuit,
shown in Figure 6. At the minimum operating frequency, the internal oscillator sawtooth waveform has a peak of
4.0 V and a valley of 0.1 V. When the FB voltage is between 2.0 V and 1.4 V, the FB_CL signal in Figure 6
commands the oscillator in a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) mode by clamping the peak oscillator voltage.
The additional clamps in the OSCILLATOR restrict VCO operation between 40 kHz and 130 kHz. The FB_CL
voltage is reflected to the modulator comparator effectively clamping the reflected CS command to 0.4 V.
Green-Mode Control
Green mode uses element of the fault logic, shown in Figure 8 and the mode clamps circuit, shown in Figure 6.
The OSC_CL signal clamps the Green-mode operating frequency at 40 kHz. Thus, when the FB voltage is
between 1.4 V and 0.5 V, the controller is commanding an excess of energy to be transferred to the load which
in turn, drives the error higher and FB lower. When FB reaches 0.5 V, OUT pulses are terminated and do not
resume until FB reaches 0.7 V. In this mode, the converter operates in hysteretic control with the OUT pulse
terminated at a fixed CS voltage level of 0.4 V. The power limit offset is turned OFF during Green mode and it
returns to ON when FB is above 1.4 V, as depicted in Figure 8. Green mode reduces the average switching
frequency in order to minimize switching losses and increase the efficiency at light load conditions.
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8
5
VCC
GND
UCC28051
CVCC
0.1 mF
CBULK
2
4
8
6
STATUS
VDD
FB
GND
UCC28600
RST1
RST2
RCS
CVDD
Primary Secondary
10 V
TL431
Feedback
M1
Q1
To Zero
Current
Detection
M2
RVCC
CBIAS
RSU
NB
NPNS
DZ1
DBIAS
DVDD
UCC28600-Q1
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SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
Fault Logic
Advanced logic control coordinates the fault detections to provide proper power supply recovery. This provides
the conditioning for the thermal protection. Line overvoltage protection (line OVP) and load OVP are
implemented in this block. It prevents operation when the internal reference is below 4.5 V. If a fault is detected
in the thermal shutdown, line OVP, load OVP, or REF, the UCC28600-Q1 undergoes a shutdown/retry cycle.
Refer to the fault logic diagram in Figure 8 and the QR detect diagram in Figure 7 to program line OVP and load
OVP. To program the load OVP, select the ROVP1 ROVP2 divider ratio to be 3.75 V at the desired output
shut-down voltage. To program line OVP, select the impedance of the ROVP1 ROVP2 combination to draw 450
mA when the VOVP is 0.45 V during the ON-time of the power MOSFET at the highest allowable input voltage.
Oscillator
The oscillator, shown in Figure 5, is internally set and trimmed so it is clamped by the circuit in Figure 5 to a
nominal 130-kHz maximum operating frequency. It also has a minimum frequency clamp of 40 kHz. If the FB
voltage tries to drive operation to less than 40 kHz, the converter operates in green mode.
Status
The STATUS pin is an open drain output, as shown in Figure 8. The status output goes into the OFF-state when
FB falls below 0.5 V and it returns to the ON-state (low impedance to GND) when FB rises above 1.4 V. This pin
is used to control bias power for a PFC stage, as shown in Figure 9. Key elements for implementing this function
include QST, RST1 and RST2, as shown in the figure. Resistors RST1 and RST2 are selected to saturate QST when it
is desirable for the PFC to be operational. During green mode, the STATUS pin becomes a high impedance and
RST1 causes QST to turn-OFF, thus saving bias power. If necessary, use a zener diode and a resistor (DZ1 and
RCC) to maintain VCC in the safe operating range of the PFC controller. Note the DVDD - CVDD combination is in
addition to the standard DBIAS - CBIAS components. This added stage is required to isolate the STATUS circuitry
from the startup resistor, RSU, to ensure there is no conduction through STATUS when VDD is below the UVLO
turn-on threshold.
Figure 9. Using STATUS for PFC Shut-Down During Green Mode
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Operating Mode Programming
Boundaries of the operating modes are programmed by the flyback transformer and the four components RPL,
RCS, ROVP1 and ROVP2; shown in the Block Diagram/Application drawing.
The transformer characteristics that predominantly affect the modes are the magnetizing inductance of the
primary and the magnitude of the output voltage, reflected to the primary. To a lesser degree (yet significant), the
boundaries are affected by the MOSFET output capacitance and transformer leakage inductance. The design
procedure here is to select a magnetizing inductance and a reflected output voltage that operates at the
DCM/CCM boundary at maximum load and maximum line. The actual inductance should be noticeably smaller to
account for the ring between the magnetizing inductance and the total stray capacitance measured at the drain
of the power MOSFET. This programs the QR/DCM boundary of operation. All other mode boundaries are preset
with the thresholds in the oscillator and green-mode blocks.
The four components RPL, RCS, ROVP1 and ROVP2 must be programmed as a set due to the interactions of the
functions. The use of the UCC28600-Q1 design calculator, TI Literature Number SLVC104, is highly
recommended in order to achieve the desired results with a careful balance between the transformer parameters
and the programming resistors.
Protection Features
The UCC28600-Q1 has many protection features that are found only on larger, full featured controllers. Refer to
the Block Diagram/Typical Application and Figures 1, 4, 5, 6 and 7 for detailed block descriptions that show how
the features are integrated into the normal control functions.
Overtemperature
Overtemperature lockout typically occurs when the substrate temperature reaches 140°C. Retry is allowed if the
substrate temperature reduces by the hysteresis value. Upon an overtemperature fault, CSS on softstart is
discharged and STATUS is forced to a high impedance.
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SLUSAB4 DECEMBER 2010
Cycle-by-Cycle Power Limit
The cycle terminates when the CS voltage plus the power limit offset exceeds 1.2 V.
In order to have power limited over the full line voltage range of the QR Flyback converter, the CS pin voltage
must have a component that is proportional to the primary current plus a component that is proportional to the
line voltage due to predictable switching frequency variations due to line voltage. At power limit, the CS pin
voltage plus the internal CS offset is compared against a constant 1.2-V reference in the PWM comparator. Thus
during cycle-by-cycle power limit, the peak CS voltage is typically 0.8 V.
The current that is sourced from the OVP pin (ILINE) is reflected to a dependent current source of ½ ILINE, that is
connected to the CS pin. The power limit function can be programmed by a resistor, RPL, that is between the CS
pin and the current sense resistor. The current, ILINE, is proportional to line voltage by the transformer turns ratio
NB/NPand resistor ROVP1. Current ILINE is programmed to set the line over voltage protection. Resistor RPL results
in the addition of a voltage to the current sense signal that is proportional to the line voltage. The proper amount
of additional voltage has the effect of limiting the power on a cycle-by-cycle basis. Note that RCS, RPL, ROVP1 and
ROVP2 must be adjusted as a set due to the functional interactions.
Current Limit
When the primary current exceeds maximum current level which is indicated by a voltage of 1.25 V at the CS
pin, the device initiates a shutdown. Retry occurs after a UVLOOFF/UVLOON cycle.
Over-Voltage Protection
Line and load over voltage protection is programmed with the transformer turn ratios, ROVP1 and ROVP2. The OVP
pin has a 0-V voltage source that can only source current; OVP cannot sink current.
Line over voltage protection occurs when the OVP pin is clamped at 0 V. When the bias winding is negative,
during OUT = HI or portions of the resonant ring, the 0-V voltage source clamps OVP to 0 V and the current that
is sourced from the OVP pin is mirrored to the Line_OVP comparator and the QR detection circuit. The
Line_OVP comparator initiates a shutdown-retry sequence if OVP sources any more than 450 mA.
Load-over voltage protection occurs when the OVP pin voltage is positive. When the bias winding is positive,
during demagnetization or portions of the resonant ring, the OVP pin voltage is positive. If the OVP voltage is
greater than 3.75 V, the device initiates a shutdown. Retry occurs after a UVLOOFF/UVLOON cycle.
Undervoltage Lockout
Protection is provided to guard against operation during unfavorable bias conditions. Undervoltage lockout
(UVLO) always monitors VDD to prevent operation below the UVLO threshold.
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